The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleProverbs 8:16
By me princes rule…
All governors of provinces and
cities, who are under the king as supreme; the discharge of whose
office in a right manner requires much wisdom, prudence, justice, and
integrity; all which they have from Christ, as well as their power of
ruling, that rule well;
and nobles, [even] all the judges of the earth;
the word F5 for nobles
signifies persons of a "free" spirit, generous, bountiful men; such as
are called "benefactors", (Luke 22:25) ; so one of the Ptolemys, king of
Egypt, was called Evergetes. Such who govern, not in a cruel and
rigorous manner, but with clemency and gentleness; who, as they are
"free" and noble themselves, their subjects are a free people, and
enjoy their privileges and liberties fully and quietly. And "the judges
of the earth" are such, as sit on benches of justice, hear and try
causes, and pass sentence on men; which requires great skill and
knowledge, and much faithfulness and integrity, which all that perform
their office aright have from Christ. How great therefore must he be!
how wise and just! from whom all rulers, supreme and subordinate, have
their power; prudence, generosity, and justice!
F5 (Mybydn) "munifici sive liberales", Vatablus; "ingenui", Junius &
Tremellius, Gejerus; "munifici", Piscator; "generosi", Schultens.