F16 is supposed to signify, (Judges 9:13) (Proverbs 31:6,7) . Of this nature are
(and therefore are compared to wine, or expressed by it) the love of
God and Christ; the blessings of grace, the doctrines of the Gospel,
the ordinances of it; particularly that of the Lord's supper, and even
the joys of heaven.
And oil to make his face to shine:
or, "to make his face shine more
than oil" F17; and so it continues the account of the virtue of wine,
which not only cheers the heart, but makes the countenance brisk and
lively, and even shine again: but, according to our version, and
others, this is a distinct effect of the rain, causing olive trees to
grow out of the earth, productive of oil; which being eaten, fattens,
and so makes the face to shine; as it also does by anointing with it,
which was much in use for that purpose in the eastern countries, as
well as for cheering and refreshing; see (Ruth 3:3) (Psalms 23:5) (Matthew 6:17) . Pliny
F18 says, oil purifies or clears; and particularly of oil of almonds,
he says, that it makes clean, makes bodies soft, smooths the skin,
procures gracefulness; and, with honey, takes spots or specks out of
the face. Kimchi makes mention of another use of oil, in lighting
lamps; by which the face of man is enlightened, or light is given him.
So the Targum,
``to enlighten the face with oil.''
To this the grace of the Spirit is often compared in Scripture, with
which both Christ and his members are said to be anointed,
(Acts 10:38) (2 Corinthians 1:21) (1 John 2:20,27) . This not only cheers and refreshes
them, and is therefore called the oil of joy and gladness,
(Psalms 45:7) (Isaiah 61:3) , but beautifies and adorns them, and even makes
them fat and flourishing, and so their faces to shine; as well as
causes their lamps of profession to burn clearly, and the light of
their good works to shine before men to the glory of God.
And bread which strengthens man's heart:
the earth being watered with
rain, causes the wheat sown in it to grow up; of which bread is made
for the support of man's life, and is the chief sustenance of it; and
is therefore commonly called "the staff of life", and, by the prophet,
"the whole stay of bread", (Isaiah 3:1) , by which human nature is
invigorated, and the strength of man is kept up and increased; for the
phrase, see (Genesis 18:5) (Judges 19:5) . Of this nature are the provisions of
God's house, which go by the same name, the word and ordinances; and
especially Christ Jesus himself, the true and living bread; by which
the Christian's spiritual life is supported and maintained, and he is
comforted and refreshed, and strengthened for every good work.
F16 (vwna) "mortalis", Junius & Tremellius, Piscator; "sorry man",
F17 (Nmvm) "prae oleo", Vatablus, Gejerus; "magis quam oleum",
F18 Nat. Hist. l. 23. c. 4.