The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BiblePsalms 125:2
As the mountains [are] round about Jerusalem…
Mount Zion on the side of the north, and the mount of Olives on the
east, and other mountains on the other sides of it; so that it was
encompassed with them, and was naturally as well as artificially
fortified. Tacitus F11 describes Jerusalem as inaccessible, walls and
mountains, rocks and towers, surrounding it: and the poet Coerilus F12
makes mention of a people that spoke the Phoenician language, by whom
he plainly means the Jews, (oikoun d'en solumoiv oresi) , "that inhabited
the mountains of Solyma"; which are spoken of by Homer F13, from
whence, according to Tacitus F14, Jerusalem had its name: yet, as
Kimchi observes, this did not hinder the enemy from taking it;
wherefore the Lord is a greater security to his people;
so the Lord [is] round about his people, from henceforth even for ever;
he encompasses them with his favour and lovingkindness as a shield; he
encircles them in the arms of everlasting love; he guards them by his
providence all around, and keeps a wakeful and watchful eye over them,
that nothing hurts them: he keeps them, as in a garrison, by his
almighty power: these are the walls that are around them, yea, he
himself is a wall of fire about them, and the glory in the midst of
them, (Zechariah 2:5) ; and so he continues; he never leaves his people, nor
forsakes them, but is their God and guide even unto death. The Targum
``the Word of the Lord is round about his people;''
Christ, the essential Word of God.
F11 Hist. l. 5. c. 11.
F12 Apud Euseb. Praerar. Evangel. l. 9. c. 9.
F13 Odyss. 5. v. 283.
F14 Ut supra. (Hist. l. 5. c. 11.)