The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleSong of Solomon 4:3
Thy lips [are] like a thread of scarlet…
To a "thread" for
thinness, to "scarlet" for colour; thin red lips being beautiful, as
well as white teeth; so the beautiful Aspasia had red lips F2, and
teeth whiter than snow; hence we read of red and purple lips F3. Now
as lips are the instruments of speech, the words of the church, and of
all true believers, may be designed; what is said by them in their
prayers, which are filled, not with great swelling words of vanity,
exalting themselves, and magnifying their works, like the Pharisee; but
with humble confessions of sin, and acknowledgments of their
unworthiness of mercy; and they are constant, like one continued
thread, they go on praying all their days: and the scarlet colour may
denote the fervency of them, whereby they become available with God;
and the acceptableness of them to God, through the mediation of Christ,
whose blood, and not any worthiness of theirs, is pleaded in them:
their words of praise also may be signified hereby; which are not
filled with big swollen encomiums of themselves, and of what they have
done; but with expressions of the goodness and grace of God to them;
and with thankfulness for all mercies, both temporal and spiritual,
bestowed upon them; and these are hearty and sincere, coming from a
heart inflamed with the love of God, which make such lips look like
scarlet; and that being in great esteem may intimate the acceptableness
of them to God, through the blood and sacrifice of Christ. To which may
be added, that the doctrines of the Gospel, delivered by the ministers
of the church, who are her lips, may be taken into the sense of this
clause; which are like a "thread", spun out of the Scriptures, and are
harmonious and all of a piece, consistent and closely connected; the
subject and matter of which are the blood, sufferings, and death of
Christ, and the blessings that come thereby; and which also, like
scarlet, are valuable and precious;
and thy speech [is] comely;
which explains the preceding clause; and
shows, that by her lips her speech is meant, which is "comely", that
is, graceful and amiable; as it is when believers speak of Christ, of
his person, offices, and grace; and for him, in vindication of his
truths and ordinances; when they speak to him, in prayer or in praise;
and when, in common conversation, their speech is with grace;
thy temples [are] like a piece of a pomegranate within thy locks;
like a piece of the tree, but of the fruit, when the shell of it bursts
of itself, through the abundance of liquor in it; such the Israelites
found at one of their stations, and therefore called it "Rimmonparez",
the pomegranate of rupture, or the bursted pomegranate; and in the
tribe of Zebulun was a city called Remmonmethoar, the beautiful
pomegranate, (Joshua 19:13) ; now the rind being broken F4 it appears full
of grains or kernels, of a white colour, interspersed with a reddish
purple juice, like blood, as Pausanias remarks F5, and looks very
beautiful; and is aptly used to set forth the church's beauty, who,
like her beloved, is "white and ruddy", (Song of Solomon 5:10) : by which may be meant
ecclesiastical officers, placed on an eminence in the church; to take
care, among other things, of the discipline of it, according to the
laws of Christ, (1 Timothy 5:17) (Hebrews 13:17) (Romans 12:8) ; The temples, in the Hebrew
tongue F6, have their name from the thinness and tenderness of them,
having but little flesh on them, and covered with a thin skin; and, in
the Greek tongue F7, from the evident beating of the pulse in them;
and their situation is between the ear and the eye: all which denote,
that such officers should be spiritual men, and have as little
carnality in them as may be; that they should use great tenderness in
the administrations of their office, particularly in giving admonitions
and reproofs: and, as by the beating of the pulse the state of a
constitution is discerned, whether healthy or not; so the state of the
church may be judged of by the discipline of it; if that is neglected,
it is in a bad state, and in a declining condition; but if strictly
observed, it is in a healthful and flourishing one: and the temples
being between the eye and the ear may teach, that, in the management of
church affairs, the officers are to make use of both; their ears are to
be open to all; and they are not to shut their eyes against clear and
plain evidence: and being said to be "within [her] locks", may be
expressive of the meekness and humility of such officers, who are not
to lord it over God's heritage; and of the private manner in which
admonitions are to be given, in case of private offences; and of the
affairs and concertos of a church being kept private, and not blazed
abroad. And these may be compared to "a piece of a pomegranate",
because of their being full of gifts, and grace, and good works,
visible to men; and for their harmony and union among themselves, and
with the church and its members; and the strict regard that, in all
things, is had to the rules and laws of Christ; all which make the
officers of the church, and the discipline of it, acceptable to him. It
may be further observed, that the temples, taken largely, include the
"cheeks" also; and so some render the word F8 here; and the purple
juice of the pomegranate well expresses the colour of them; hence we
read of purple cheeks F9: and this may denote the beauty and modesty
of the church; whose blushing looks, and ruddy cheeks, made her
extremely beautiful in the eye of Christ.
F2 Aelian. Var. Hist. l. 12. c. 1.
F3 (ceilea purra) , Theocrit. Idyll. 15. "Purpureis labellis", Ovid.
Amor. l. 3. Eleg. 13.
F4 (xlpk) (wv lepuron) , Sept. "sicut fragmen", V. L. Pagninus,
Montanus, Junius & Tremellius; "pars vel frustum", Michaelis.
F5 Boeotica, sive l. 9. p. 578.
F6 (Ktqr) "tenuis faciei pars", Marckius; "tenuior", Michaelis. Vid.
Kimchii Sepher Shorash. rad. (qqr) .
F7 (krotafoi para to krotein thn afhn) .
F8 (mhlon sou) , Sept. "genae tuae", Pagninus, Cocceius.
F9 "Purpureas genas", Ovid. Amor. l. 1. Eleg. 4. Statii Thebaid. l.
1. v. 538. Ausonii Parental. 23. v. 16. "Purpurissatae buccae",
Plauti Trucul. Act. 2. Sc. 2. v. 35. "genre", Apulei Apolog. p. 239.
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
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Gill, John. "Commentary on Song of Solomon 4:3". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/geb/view.cgi?book=so&chapter=004&verse=003>. 1999.