The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleSong of Solomon 6:11
I went down into the garden of nuts…
This is very
properly taken notice of in this song of love; it being usual for newly
married persons to get nuts, and throw them among children, to make
pastime; to signify, among other things, that they now renounced
childish things F21. These are the words of Christ, declaring to the
church where he went, and what he employed himself about, when he
departed from her; see (Song of Solomon 6:2) . Of the garden, as it intends the
church, (See Gill on 5:12); into which he was invited to come, and
did, as here; see (Song of Solomon 4:16) (5:1) ; here it is called a "garden of nuts",
which may design a spot in it destined for this fruit; by which some
understand "nutmegs", which is not very likely, since such grew not in
those parts: rather "walnuts", which the Arabs call "gauz" or "geuz",
which is the same word that is here used; Pistacia nuts were well known
in Syria F23, which joined to Judea. And by "nuts", which grew in the
garden, the church, true believers, may be designed; who, like them,
have a mean outward appearance, but are valuable within, having the
true grace of God in them; and because of their divers coverings, their
outward conversation garments, the robe of Christ's righteousness, and
the internal sanctification of the Spirit, which answer to the husk and
shell, and the thin inward skin over the nut; and because of their
hardiness in enduring afflictions and troubles, the shell may
represent; and because of their best and most excellent parts being
hidden, even grace, the hidden man of the heart, signified by the
kernel, and which will not fully appear until the shell or tabernacle
of the body is broken down; and because of their safety from harm and
pollution, amidst the storms of afflictions, persecutions, and
temptations, and pollutions of the world, the principle of grace, like
the kernel, remains unhurt and undefiled; and because of the multitude
of believers, united and cleaving together, which is delightful to
behold, like clusters of nuts in a nut garden. Some render it, "the
pruned garden", or "garden of pruning" F24; whose plants, trees, and
vines, are pruned and kept in good order, by Christ's father, the
husbandman and vinedresser; see (Song of Solomon 2:12) (5:12) . The ends of Christ in
going into it were,
to see the fruits of the valley;
to observe the graces of his Spirit;
the actings, exercise, and growth of them in humble souls, among whom
he delights to be, (Isaiah 57:15) ; the Septuagint version is, "the shoots
of the brook" or "river": and may denote the fertile soil in which
believers are planted, even by the river of divine love; with which
being watered, they flourish, (Psalms 1:3) ;
[and] to see whether the vine flourished;
particular churches, or
believers, compared to vines; who may be said to flourish, when they
increase in numbers, and are fruitful in grace and good works; see
(Song of Solomon 2:13) ;
[and] the pomegranates budded;
of which, see (Song of Solomon 4:13) ; the budding,
of them may design the beginnings, or first putting, forth, of grace in
the saints; which Christ takes much notice of, and is highly pleased
F21 Vid. Chartarium de Imag. Deorum, p. 89. & Kipping. Antiqu. Rom. l.
4. c. 2. p. 697. "Sparge marite nuces"… Virgil. Bucolic. Eclog.
8. v. 30. "Da nuces pueris", Catuili Juliae Epithal. Ep. 59, v. 131.
F23 Plin. Nat. Hist. l. 13. c. 5. Athenaei Deipnosophist. l. 14. c. 17.
F24 (zwga tng) "hortos putatos", Junius & Tremellius; Heb.
"tonsionis", Piscator; "hortum putationis", Marckius.
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
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Gill, John. "Commentary on Song of Solomon 6:11". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/geb/view.cgi?book=so&chapter=006&verse=011>. 1999.