The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleSong of Solomon 7:5
Thine head upon thee [is] like Carmel…
Set with hair,
thick and long, as Carmel with plants and trees. Now Christ is the
church's Head in various senses; he is her federal and representative
Head in eternity and time; her political Head, as a King to his
subjects; an economical Head, as the husband to the wife, as parents to
their children, and a master to servants; and, as such, may be compared
to Carmel; for the multitude dependent on him, whom he represents, and
is connected with under various relations; for his height, being higher
than the kings of the earth, and all other heads; and for fruitfulness,
all the fruits of the church, and of all true believers, coming from
him. Some render the word, "as crimson", or "scarlet" F2; which may
set forth his royal dignity and majesty, this colour being wore by
kings and great personages; or the ardent love of Christ to his body,
the church, and the members of it; or his bloody sufferings for them;
and the hair of thine head like purple;
purple coloured hair has been
in great esteem. Of this colour was the hair of King Nysus, according
to the fable F3; and so the hair of Evadne, and of the Muses F4, were
of a violet colour; the hair of Ulysses is said F5 to be like to the
hyacinth flower, which is of a purple or violet colour; and Milton F6
calls the first Adam's hair hyacinthine locks; and here, in a
figurative sense, the second Adam's hair is said to be like purple. By
which believers that grow on Christ, the Head of the church, nay be
meant, who have their dependence on him, and their strength and
nourishment from him; see (Song of Solomon 4:1) (5:11) ; and these may be said to be
like "purple", because of their royal dignity, being made kings unto
God by Christ; and because of their being washed in the purple blood of
Christ; and because of the sufferings they endure for his sake; and
especially such may be so compared, who have spilt their blood and laid
down their lives on his account;
the king [is] held in the galleries;
the same with the Head of the
church, the King of Zion, and King of saints, whose kingdom is a
spiritual and everlasting one: and by the "galleries" in which he is
held may be meant the ordinances of the Gospel; where Christ and his
people walk and converse together; where he discloses the secrets of
his heart to them, leads them into a further acquaintance with his
covenant, and the blessings and promises of it; and from whence they
have delightful views of his person and fulness; see the King in his
beauty, and behold the good land which is afar off: the same word as
here is rendered "rafters", and by some "canals", in (Song of Solomon 1:17) ;
(See Gill on 1:17). Now Christ being said to be "held in [these]
galleries" may signify his fixed habitation in his house and
ordinances; where he has promised to dwell, and delights to be; and
where he is as it were fastened to them, and hatred in them.
F2 (lmrkk) "veluti coccinum", Pagninus, Vatablus, Mercerus; "simile
est coccineo", Junius & Tremellius; "est ut coccus", Piscator; so
Ainsworth; "sicut carmesinum", Schindler.
F3 Ovid. Metamorph. l. 8. Fab. 1. v. 301. De Arte Amandi, l. 1. & de
Remed. Amor. l. 1. v. 68. Hygin. Fab. 198. Pausan. Attica, p. 33.
F4 Pindar. Olymp. Ode 6. Pyth. Ode 1. v. 2.
F5 Homer. Odyss. 6. v. 231. & 23. v. 155.
F6 Paradise Lost, Book 4.
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Gill, John. "Commentary on Song of Solomon 7:5". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/geb/view.cgi?book=so&chapter=007&verse=005>. 1999.