The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleSong of Solomon 7:7
This thy stature is like to a palm tree…
Made up of the
above parts commended, and others had in view, as appears from the
relative "this". The word for "stature" properly signifies height,
tallness, and erectness; and which were reckoned agreeable in women, as
well as men; (See Gill on 9:2); hence methods are often made use of
to make them look taller, as by their head dresses, their shoes, and by
stretching out their necks, (Isaiah 3:16) ; and the simile of a tree is not
an improper one: and so Galatea is, for height and tallness, compared
to an alder and to a plane tree F8; and Helena, to a cypress tree in a
garden F9, on the same account; and here the church to a palm tree:
the Egyptian palm tree is said to be the best F11; and if Solomon here
has any reference to Pharaoh's daughter, his wife, he might think of
that, which is described
``of body straight, high, round, and slender F12,''
and fitly expresses a good shape and stature. The church's stature is
no other than the "stature of the fulness of Christ", (Ephesians 4:13) ; which
will be attained unto when all the elect are gathered in, and every
member joined to the body, and all filled with the gifts and graces of
the spirit designed for them, and are grown up to a just proportion in
the body; and in such a state Christ seems to view his church, and so
commends her by this simile: saints are oftentimes compared to palm
trees in Scripture on other accounts; see (Psalms 92:12) ;
and thy breasts to clusters [of grapes];
on a vine which might be
planted by and run up upon a palm tree, as Aben Ezra suggests: though
rather clusters of dates, the fruit of the palm tree, are designed,
since this fruit, as Pliny F13 observes, grows in clusters; and to
clusters of the vine the church's breasts are compared in (Song of Solomon 7:8) . And
by these "breasts" may be meant either the ministers of the Gospel, who
communicate the sincere milk of the word to souls; and may be compared
to clusters for their numbers, when there is plenty of them, which is a
great mercy to the church; and for their unity, likeness, and agreement
in their work, in their ministrations, and in the doctrine they preach,
though their gifts may be different; or else the two Testaments, full
of the milk of the word; and comparable to "clusters" of grapes or
dates, because of the many excellent doctrines and precious promises in
them; which, when pressed by hearing, reading, meditation, and prayer,
yield both delight and nourishment to the souls of men. Some think the
two ordinances of the Gospel, baptism and the Lord's supper, are
intended, which are breasts of consolation; and, when the presence of
Christ, and the manifestations of his love, are enjoyed in them, they
afford much pleasure and satisfaction; and as those breasts are full in
themselves, they are beautiful in the eye of Christ, and as such
commended; (See Gill on 4:5).
F8 Ovid. Metamorph. l. 13. Fab. 8.
F9 Theocrit. Idyll. 18. v. 30.
F11 A. Gellii Nect. Attic. l. 7. c. 16. Vid. Strabo. Geograph. l. 17.
F12 Sandys's Travels, l. 2. p. 79.
F13 Nat. Hist. l. 13. c. 4.
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Gill, John. "Commentary on Song of Solomon 7:7". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/geb/view.cgi?book=so&chapter=007&verse=007>. 1999.