The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire BibleSong of Solomon 8:2
I would lead thee, [and] bring, thee into mother's house…
The general assembly and church of the firstborn is mother to the
church visible, to particular churches and believers, where they are
born, educated, and brought up; for which they have a great affection,
as persons usually have for the place of their nativity and education.
And here the church desires to have Christ with her; either to
consummate the marriage between them, (Genesis 24:67) ; or to have the
knowledge of him spread among her relations, those of her mother's
house, who belonged to the election of grace; or to enjoy his presence
there, with great delight and pleasure: the act of "leading" thither
shows great familiarity with him, great love and respect for him, a
hearty welcome to her mother's house; and was treating him becoming his
majesty, great personages being led, (Isaiah 60:11) ; all which is done by
prayer, in the exercise of faith: and the act of "bringing" denotes on
her part the strength of faith in prayer; and on his part great
condescension; see (Song of Solomon 3:4) . Her end in all was, as follows,
[who] would instruct me;
meaning her mother; the allusion may be to a
grave and prudent woman, who, taking her newly married daughter apart,
teaches her how to behave towards her husband, that she may have his
affections, and live happily with him: the house of God is a school of
instruction, where souls are taught the ways of Christ, the doctrines
of the Gospel, and the duties of religion; nor are the greatest
believers above instruction, and the means of it. Some render the
words, "thou shalt", or "thou wouldest teach me" F21; meaning Christ,
who teaches as none else can; he teaches by his Spirit, who leads into
all truth; by the Scriptures, which are profitable for instruction; by
his ministers, called pastors and teachers; and by his ordinances
administered in his house; where the church desired the presence of
Christ; and might expect instruction from him, being in the way of her
duty; and to hear such marriage precepts, as in (Psalms 45:10,11) . In
return, the church promises Christ,
I would cause thee to drink of spiced wine, of the juice of my
or, "wine of my pomegranate" F23; of which mention is made
in Jewish writings F24 and by other authors F25: there was a city in
the tribe of Dan, called "Gathrimmon", (Joshua 21:24) ; the winepress of the
pomegranate, or where they made pomegranate wine. Spiced wine was much
used by the ancients, and in the eastern countries: so Phoenician wine,
or wine of Byblis, is said to be odoriferous F26; so the wine of
Lebanon, (Hosea 14:7) ; the Babylonians had a wine they called nectar F1:
spiced wine was thought less inebriating F2, and therefore the
ancients sometimes put into their wine myrrh and calamus, and other
spices F3; sometimes it was a mixture of old wine, water, and balsam;
and of wine, honey, and pepper F4. Now these sorts of wine being
accounted the best and most agreeable, the church proposes to treat
Christ with them; by which may be meant the various graces of the
Spirit, and the exercise of them in believers; which give Christ
pleasure and delight, and are preferred by him to the best wine; see
(Song of Solomon 4:10) (5:1) . With the Hebrew writers, pomegranates are said to be a
symbol of concord F5: the pomegranate was a tree of Venus F6.
F21 (yndmlt) "docebis me", V. L. Pagninus, Montanus, & alii; "doceres
me", Brightman, Michaelis.
F23 (ynmr oyoem) "de vino dulci mali granati mei", Montanus.
F24 T. Bab. Sabbat, fol. 143. 2. Maimon. Hilch. Maacolot Asurot, c. 7. s. 7.
F25 Plin. Nat. Hist. l. 14. c. 16.
F26 (biblinon euwda) Theocrit. Idyll. 14. v. 15, 16.
F1 Athenaei Deipnosophist. l. 1. c. 95. p. 32.
F2 Ibid. l. 11. c. 3. p. 464.
F3 Plin. Nat. Hist. l. 14. c. 13, 16. Plauti Persa, Act. 1. Sc. 3. v. 7, 8.
F4 Munster. Dictionar. Chaldaic. p. 22, 27.
F5 Apud Chartar. de Imag. Deorum, p. 139.
F6 Athenaeus, ut supra (Deipnosophist.), l. 3. c. 8. p. 84.
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
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Gill, John. "Commentary on Song of Solomon 8:2". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/geb/view.cgi?book=so&chapter=008&verse=002>. 1999.