Exodus 31 - The Call of Bezaleel and Aholiab
A. The unique gifts of Bezaleel and Aholiab.
1. (1-6) The call of Bezaleel and Aholiab.
a. Even as God specifically chose Moses and Aaron, He also specifically chooses these craftsmen for His use.
b. God filled him [Bezaleel] with the Spirit of God, supernaturally enabling him to do the work of building the Tabernacle. God saw this work as just as spiritual, and just as needful of the Holy Spirit's power, as the work Moses and Aaron were doing.
i. This divine empowering wasn't restricted only to Bezaleel: I have put wisdom in the hearts of all who are gifted artisans. God wanted every worker's labor to be blessed and prompted by the Holy Spirit.
ii. Yet, they were filled with the Holy Spirit not to work unto themselves, but unto the Lord: that they may make all that I have commanded you. God's empowering isn't to be used for our own selfish ends! Whatever you do, do it heartily, as to the Lord and not to men (Colossians 3:23).
B. The Sabbath.
1. (12-17) The command to respect the Sabbath.
a. This command is strategically placed - at the very end of all the commands to build the tabernacle. Though God gave Israel a work to do - in building the tabernacle - He did not want them to do that work on the Sabbath. The rest of God was still to be respected.
b. Though in the New Covenant we are not bound by the Sabbath (Romans 14:5; Colossians 2:16-17), the principle is still important - our rest in the finished work of Jesus is never to be eclipsed by our work for God. When workers for God are burnt-out, they have almost always allowed their work for God to be bigger in their minds than His work for them.
i. The difference between what Jesus has done for us and what we do for Him is like the difference between the sun and the moon - yet, sometimes the moon can eclipse the sun. Some Christians live in a constant state of total eclipse!
2. (18) God gives Moses the tablets of stone, written with His finger.
a. We often say that something can be changed because "it's not written in stone." Well, these commandments are written in stone!