Leviticus 7 - More Instructions For the Priests
A. Specific instructions regarding the offerings.
1. (1-10) The Guilt Offering.
a. As noted before, the blood and the fat belong to God; the meat portions can be shared among the priests, with its distribution being determined by the officiating priest.
2. (11-36) The Peace Offering.
a. The Peace Offering could be brought out of thanksgiving, causing one to want to fellowship with God, or out of the fulfillment of a vow or a voluntary offering.
b. The meat from a Peace Offering had to be eaten in a fellowship meal within three days; God didn't want "stale" fellowship!
c. Ceremonial purity was required of anyone who would participate in the fellowship meal associated with the Peace Offering. We can't enjoy the peace of God until we have received His cleansing grace.
d. As noted before, the fat (speaking of the good, the abundance) and the blood (speaking of the life) belonged to God, and had to be given to Him.
e. The breast may be waved as a wave offering to the Lord: This was a specific "waving" of the portion of meat or bread dedicated to the Lord, waving it before the Lord in a specific pattern. In this way, even though the priest kept the portion, he had still dedicated it unto God.
i. The late chief Rabbi Hertz described the wave offering as thus: First, the portion was laid upon the hands of the donor. Then the officiating priest placed his own hands beneath those of the person offering the sacrifice, and moved the portion first forward and backward, then upward and downward. These motions make a sign of a cross!
3. (37-38) Postscript on the sacrifices.
Jesus Christ and The Sacrificial System.
But this Man, after He had offered one sacrifice for sins forever,
sat down at the right hand of God. (Hebrews 10:12)
JESUS CHRIST FULFILLS THE BURNT OFFERING (Leviticus 1)
As Christ also has loved us and given Himself for us, an offering and a sacrifice to God for a sweet smelling aroma (Ephesians 5:2)
JESUS CHRIST FULFILLS THE GRAIN AND FIRSTFRUITS OFFERING (Leviticus 2)
But now Christ is risen from the dead, and has become the firstfruits of those who have fallen asleep. (1 Corinthians 15:20)
JESUS CHRIST FULFILLS THE PEACE OFFERING (Leviticus 3)
Therefore, having been justified by faith, we have peace with God though our Lord, Jesus Christ. (Romans 5:1)
JESUS CHRIST FULFILLS THE SIN OFFERING (Leviticus 4)
For He made Him who knew no sin to be sin for us, that we might become the righteousness of God in Him (2 Corinthians 5:21)
JESUS CHRIST FULFILLS THE GUILT OFFERING (Leviticus 5)
Who was delivered up because of our offenses and was raised because of our justification (Romans 4:25)
You have made His soul an offering for sin (Isaiah 53:10)
JESUS CHRIST FULFILLS ALL THE SACRIFICES FOR US!
"He is the Burnt-offering, the Meat-offering, the Peace-offering, the Sin-offering, and the Trespass-offering for His people. By His one oblation of Himself once offered, He has stood in all these different relations" (Jukes)
We have been sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all. (Hebrews 10:10)