Commentary Critical and Explanatory
on the Whole Bible


      Ps 46:1-11. Upon Alamoth--most probably denotes the treble, or part sung by female voices, the word meaning "virgins"; and which was sung with some appropriately keyed instrument (compare 1Ch 15:19-21; see on Ps 6:1, title). The theme may be stated in LUTHER'S well-known words, "A mighty fortress is our God." The great deliverance (2Ki 19:35; Isa 37:36) may have occasioned its composition.

      1. refuge--literally, "a place of trust" (Ps 2:12).
      strength-- (Ps 18:2).
      present help--literally, "a help He has been found exceedingly."
      trouble--as in Ps 18:7.

      2, 3. The most violent civil commotions are illustrated by the greatest physical commotions.

      3. swelling--well represents the pride and haughtiness of insolent foes.

      4. God's favor is denoted by a river (compare Ps 36:8; Zec 14:8; Re 22:1).
      city of God, the holy place--His earthly residence, Jerusalem and the temple (compare Ps 2:6; 3:4; 20:2; 48:2, &c.). God's favor, like a river whose waters are conducted in channels, is distributed to all parts of His Church.
      most High--denoting His supremacy (Ps 17:2).

      5. right early--literally, "at the turn of morning," or change from night to day, a critical time (Ps 30:5; compare Isa 37:36).

      6. (Compare Ps 46:2).
      earth melted--all powers dissolved by His mere word (Ps 75:3; Ho 2:22).

      7. with us--on our side; His presence is terror to our enemies, safety to us.
      refuge--high place (Ps 9:9; compare also Ps 24:6, 10).

      8. what desolations--literally, "who hath put desolations," destroying our enemies.

      9. The usual weapons of war (Ps 7:12), as well as those using them, are brought to an end.

      10. Be still, &c.--literally, "Leave off to oppose Me and vex My people. I am over all for their safety." (Compare Isa 2:11; Eph 1:22).

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.

This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.

Bibliography Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D. "Commentary on Psalm 46". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory
on the Whole Bible". <>. 1871.