Commentary Critical and Explanatory
on the Whole Bible
1. Adam, &c.--"Begat" must be understood. Only that one member of
the family is mentioned, who came in the direct order of succession.
4-23. Noah, Shem, Ham, and Japheth--The three sons of this patriarch
are enumerated, partly because they were the founders of the new world,
and partly because the fulfilment of Noah's prophecy
could not otherwise appear to have been verified.
12. Casluhim (of whom came the Philistines), and Caphtorim--a better
rendering is, "and Casluhim, of whom came the Philistim and Caphtorim."
They were brethren, the sons of Casluhim, and at first dwelt together,
whence their names are used interchangeably. The Caphtorim are
described as inhabiting Azzah, or Gaza, the seat of the Philistines.
14-17. the Jebusite, &c.--At
the names are not those of individuals, but of people who all sprang
from Canaan; and as several of them became extinct or were amalgamated
with their brethren, their national appellations are given instead of
the personal names of their ancestors.
17. Uz, and Hul, and Gether, and Meshech--or, "Mash"; these were
the children of Aram, and grandsons of Shem
18. Arphaxad begat Shelah--Cainan, the father's name, is omitted
19. Peleg--(See on
22. Ebal--or, "Obal"
24-27. Shem, &c.--This comprises a list of ten, inclusive of
29. These are their generations--the heads of his twelve tribes.
The great northern desert of Arabia, including the entire neck, was
colonized by these tribes; and if we can recover, in the modern
geography of this part of the country, Arab tribes bearing the names of
those patriarchs, that is, names corresponding with those preserved in
the original catalogue of Scripture, we obtain at once so many
evidences, not of mere similarity, but of absolute identification
Nebaioth--gave rise to the Nabathæans of the classic, and the
Beni Nabat of Oriental writers.
Kedar--the Arab tribe, El Khedeyre, on the coast of Hedgar.
Abdeel--Abdilla, the name of a tribe in Yemen.
30. Dumah--Dumah and Tema, the great Arab tribes of Beni Teman. Thus
this writer [Historical Geography of Arabia] traces the names of all
the heads of the twelve tribes of Ishmael as perpetuated in the clans
or tribes of the Arabs in the present day.
1Ch 1:32, 33.
32. sons of Keturah--These became founders of nomadic tribes in the
north of Arabia and Syria, as Midian of the Midianites
and Shuah--from whom Bildad sprang
36. sons of Eliphaz--the tribe Adites, in the center country
of the Saracens, so called from his mother, Adah
Teman--gave rise to the land of Teman, near the head of the Red
Omar--the tribe Beni-Amma, settled at the northern point of Djebel
Shera (Mount Seir).
Zephi--the tribe Dzaf.
Gatam--Katam, inhabited by the tribe Al Saruat, or "people of Sarah."
Kenaz--the tribe Aenezes, a tribe whose settlement lies in the
neighborhood of Syria.
Amalek--the Beni Malak of Zohran, and the Beni Maledj of the Shat el
37. Reuel--a powerful branch of the great Aeneze tribe, the
Shammah--the great tribe Beni Shammar. In the same way, the names of
the other kings and dukes are traced in the modern tribes of Arabia.
But it is unnecessary to mention any more of these obscure nomads,
except to notice that Jobab
one of the kings of Edom, is considered to be Job, and that his seat
was in the royal city of Dinahab
identified with O'Daeb, a well-known town in the center of Al Dahna, a
great northern desert in the direction of Chaldea and the Euphrates