Commentary Critical and Explanatory
on the Whole Bible
1Ch 2:1, 2.
3. The sons of Judah--His descendants are enumerated first, because
the right and privileges of the primogeniture had been transferred to
and because from his tribe the Messiah was to spring.
6. Zimri, and Ethan, and Heman, and Calcol, and Dara--These five are
here stated to be the sons of Zerah, that is, of Ezra, whence they were
In that passage they are called "the sons of Mahol," which, however, is
to be taken not as a proper name, but appellatively for "sons of music,
dancing," &c. The traditional fame of their great sagacity and
acquirements had descended to the time of Solomon and formed a standard
of comparison for showing the superior wisdom of that monarch. Jewish
writers say that they were looked up to as prophets by their countrymen
during the abode in Egypt.
7. the sons of Carmi--He was the son of Zimri, or Zabdi, as he is
This variety in the form of the name is with great propriety used
here, since Achar means "troubler."
15. David the seventh--As it appears
(1Sa 16:10; 17:12)
that Jesse had eight sons, the presumption is from David being
mentioned here as the seventh son of his father, that one of them had
died at an early age, without leaving issue.
17. Jether the Ishmaelite--(compare
In that passage he is called Ithra an Israelite; and there seems no
reason why, in the early days of David, anyone should be specially
distinguished as an Israelite. The presumption is in favor of the
reading followed by the Septuagint, which calls him "Jetra the
Jezreelite." The circumstance of his settling in another tribe, or of a
woman marrying out of her own tribe, was sufficiently rare and singular
to call for the statement that Abigail was married to a man of
18. Caleb the son of Hezron--The notices concerning this person
appear confused in our version. In
he is said to be the father of Hur, whereas in
he is called "the son of Hur." The words in this latter passage have
been transposed in the copying, and should be read thus, "Hur the son
begat children of Azubah his wife, and of Jerioth--The former was his
spouse, while Jerioth seems to have been a secondary wife, and the
mother of the children whose names are here given. On the death of his
principal wife, he married Ephrath, and by her had Hur
21. Hezron . . . daughter of Machir the father of Gilead--that is,
chief of that town, which with the lands adjacent was no doubt the
property of Machir, who was so desirous of a male heir. He was grandson
of Joseph. The wife of Machir was of the tribe of Manasseh
22. Jair, who had three and twenty cities in the land of Gilead--As the
son of Segub and the grandson of Hezron, he was of the tribe of Judah;
but from his maternal descent he is called
"the son of Manasseh." This designation implies that his inheritance
lay in that tribe in right of his grandmother; in other words, his
maternal and adopting great-grandfather was Machir the
son of Manasseh. Jair, inheriting his property, was his lineal
representative; and accordingly this is expressly stated to be the
case; for the village group of "Havoth-Jair" was awarded to him in that
tribe, in consequence of his valiant and patriotic exploits. This
arrangement, however, took place previous to the law
by which it was enacted that heiresses were to marry in their own
tribe. But this instance of Jair shows that in the case of a man
obtaining an inheritance in another tribe it required him to become
thoroughly incorporated with it as a representative of the family
through which the inheritance was received. He had been adopted into
Manasseh, and it would never have been imagined that he was other than
"a son of Manasseh" naturally, had not this passage given information
supplementary to that of the passage in Numbers.
23. he took--rather "he had taken." This statement is accounting for
his acquisition of so large a territory; he got it by right of conquest
from the former possessors.
Kenath--This place, along with its group of surrounding villages,
was gained by Nobah, one of Jair's officers sent by him to capture it
(Nu 32:1, 2).
All these belonged to the sons of Machir--In their number Jair is
included as having completely identified himself by his marriage and
residence in Gilead with the tribe of Manasseh.
24. Caleb-ephratah--so called from uniting the names of husband
and supposed to be the same as was afterwards called
Ashur, the father of Tekoa--
He is called the father, either from his being the first founder, or
perhaps the ruler, of the city.
34. Sheshan had no sons, but daughters--either he had no sons alive at
his death, or his family consisted wholly of daughters, of whom Ahlai
was one, she being specially mentioned on account of the domestic
relations about to be noted.
35. Sheshan gave his daughter to Jarha his servant to wife--The
adoption and marriage of a foreign slave in the family where he is
serving, is far from being a rare or extraordinary occurrence in
Eastern countries. It is thought, however, by some to have been a
connection not sanctioned by the law of Moses
[MICHAELIS]. But this is
not a well-founded objection, as the history of the Jews furnishes not
a few examples of foreign proselytes in the same manner obtaining an
inheritance in Israel; and doubtless Jarha had previously embraced the
Jewish faith in place of the grovelling idolatries of his native Egypt.
In such a case, therefore, there could be no legal difficulty. Being a
foreign slave, he had no inheritance in a different tribe to injure by
this connection; while his marriage with Sheshan's daughter led to his
adoption into the tribe of Judah, as well as his becoming heir of the
42. the sons of Caleb--(compare
1Ch 2:18, 25).
The sons here noticed were the fruit of his union with a third
55. the families of the scribes--either civil or ecclesiastical
officers of the Kenite origin, who are here classed with the tribe of
Judah, not as being descended from it, but as dwelling within its
territory, and in a measure incorporated with its people.
Jabez--a place in Judah
Kenites that came of Hemath--who settled in Judah, and were thus
distinguished from another division of the Kenite clan which dwelt in