Commentary Critical and Explanatory
on the Whole Bible
1-3. David consulted . . . And let us bring again the ark of our
God--Gratitude for the high and splendid dignity to which he had
been elevated would naturally, at this period, impart a fresh animation
and impulse to the habitually fervent piety of David; but, at the same
time, he was animated by other motives. He fully understood his
position as ruler under the theocracy, and, entering on his duties, he
was resolved to fulfil his mission as a constitutional king of Israel.
Accordingly, his first act as a sovereign related to the interests of
religion. The ark being then the grand instrument and ornament of it,
he takes the opportunity of the official representatives of the nation
being with him, to consult them about the propriety of establishing it
in a more public and accessible locality. The assembly at which he
spoke of this consisted of the Sheloshim, princes of thousands
During the reign of the late king, the ark had been left in culpable
neglect. Consequently the people had, to a great extent, been careless
about the ordinances of divine worship, or had contented themselves
with offering sacrifices at Gibeon, without any thought of the ark,
though it was the chief and most vital part of the tabernacle. The duty
and advantages of this religious movement suggested by the king were
apparent, and the proposal met with universal approval.
2. If it seem good unto you, and . . . it be of the Lord--that is,
I shall conclude that this favorite measure of mine is agreeable to the
mind of God, if it receive your hearty concurrence.
let us send abroad to our brethren everywhere--He wished to make it
known throughout the country, in order that there might be a general
assembly of the nation, and that preparations might be made on a scale
and of a kind suitable to the inauguration of the august ceremonial.
with them also to the priests and Levites . . . in their cities and
The original terms, "Let us send," imply immediate execution; and,
doubtless, the publication of the royal edict would have been followed
by the appointment of an early day for the contemplated solemnity, had
it not been retarded by a sudden invasion of the Philistines, who were
twice repulsed with great loss
by the capture of Jerusalem, and the transference of the seat of
government to that city. Finding, however, soon after, peace restored
and his throne established, he resumed his preparations for removing
the ark to the metropolis.
5. from Shihor of
(Jos 15:4, 47;
a small brook flowing into the Mediterranean, near the modern El-arish,
which forms the southern boundary of Palestine.
unto the entering of Hemath--the defile between the mountain ranges
of Syria and the extreme limit of Palestine on the north.
6-14. David went up, and all Israel, to
whose name is called on it--rather, "who is worshipped there"