Commentary Critical and Explanatory
on the Whole Bible
LIBERALITY TO THE
2. he blessed the people in the name of the Lord--The king commended
their zeal, supplicated the divine blessing upon them, and ordered the
remains of the thank offerings which had been profusely sacrificed
during the procession, to be distributed in certain proportions to
every individual, that the ceremonial might terminate with appropriate
3. flagon of wine--The two latter words are a supplement by our
translators, and the former is, in other versions, rendered not a
"flagon," but a "cake," a confection, as the Septuagint renders it,
made of flour and honey.
4-6. he appointed certain of the Levites to minister before the ark of
the Lord--No sooner was the ark deposited in its tent than the Levites,
who were to officiate in the choirs before it, entered upon their
duties. A select number of the musicians were chosen for the service
from the list
of those who had taken a prominent part in the recent procession. The
same arrangement was to be observed in their duties, now that the ark
again was stationary; Asaph, with his associates, composing the first
or principal company, played with cymbals; Zechariah and his
colleagues, with whom were conjoined Jeiel and Obed-edom, forming the
second company, used harps and similar instruments.
5. Jeiel--the same as Aziel
6. Benaiah also and Jahaziel--The name of the former is mentioned among
but not the latter. The office assigned to them was that of blowing
trumpets at regular intervals before the ark and in the tabernacle.
7. Then on that day David delivered first this psalm--Among the other
preparations for this solemn inauguration, the royal bard had composed
a special hymn for the occasion. Doubtless it had been previously in
the hands of Asaph and his assistants, but it was now publicly
committed to them as they entered for the first time on the performance
of their sacred duties. It occupies the greater part of this chapter
and seems to have been compiled from other psalms of David, previously
known to the Israelites, as the whole of it will be found, with very
slight variations, in
Ps 96:1-13; 105:1-15; 106:47, 48.
In the form, however, in which it is given by the sacred historian, it
seems to have been the first psalm given for use in the tabernacle
service. Abounding, as it does, with the liveliest ascriptions of
praise to God for the revelation of His glorious character and the
display of His marvellous works and containing, as it does, so many
pointed allusions to the origin, privileges, and peculiar destiny of
the chosen people, it was admirably calculated to animate the devotions
and call forth the gratitude of the assembled multitude.
36. all the people said, Amen--(Compare
Ps 72:19, 20; 106:48).
In the former, the author of the doxology utters the "amen" himself,
while in the latter the people are exhorted to say "amen." This may
arise from the fact that the latter psalm originally concluded with the
injunction to say "amen." But in this historical account of the
festival, it was necessary to relate that the people obeyed this
injunction on the occasion referred to, and therefore the words "let
them praise," were altered into "and they praised" [BERTHEAU].
37-42. So he left there before the ark of the covenant of the Lord
Asaph and his brethren, &c.--The sequel of the chapter describes the
appointment of the sacred musicians and their respective duties.
38. Obed-edom with their brethren--Hosah, mentioned at the close of
the verse, and a great number besides
to be porters--doorkeepers.
39, 40. And Zadok . . . before the tabernacle . . . at Gibeon--While
the above-mentioned officers under the superintendence of Abiathar,
were appointed to officiate in Jerusalem, whither the ark had been
brought, Zadok and the priests subordinate to him were stationed at
Gibeon to perform the sacred service before the ancient tabernacle
which still remained there.
40. continually morning and evening--as the law enjoined
Nu 28:3, 6).
and do according to all that is written in the
Thus, in the time of David, the worship was performed at two places,
where the sacred things that had been transmitted from the age of Moses
were preserved. Before the Ark in Jerusalem, Asaph and his brethren
officiated as singers, Obed-edom and Hosah served as doorkeepers, and
Benaiah and Jahaziel blew the trumpets. While at the tabernacle and
burnt offering in Gibeon, Heman and Jeduthun presided over the sacred
music, the sons of Jeduthun were door keepers, and Zadok, with his
suite of attendant priests, offered the sacrifices.