Commentary Critical and Explanatory
on the Whole Bible
MARCHING WITH THE
in the tribe of Issachar, and in the plain of Esdraelon. A person who
compares the Bible account of Saul's last battle with the Philistines,
with the region around Gilboa, has the same sort of evidence that the
account relates what is true, that a person would have that such a
battle as Waterloo really took place. Gilboa, Jezreel, Shunem, En-dor,
are all found, still bearing the same names. They lie within sight of
each other. Aphek is the only one of the cluster not yet identified.
Jezreel on the northern slope of Gilboa, and at the distance of twenty
minutes to the east, is a large fountain, and a smaller one still
nearer; just the position which a chieftain would select, both on
account of its elevation and the supply of water needed for his troops
[HACKETT, Scripture Illustrated].
2. David and his men passed on in the rereward with Achish--as the
commander of the lifeguards of Achish, who was general of this invading
army of the Philistines.
3. these days, or these years--He had now been with the Philistines
a full year and four months
and also some years before. It has been thought that David kept up a
private correspondence with this Philistine prince, either on account
of his native generosity, or in the anticipation that an asylum in his
territories would sooner or later be needed.
4. the princes of the Philistines were wroth with him--It must be
considered a happy circumstance in the overruling providence of God to
rescue David out of the dangerous dilemma in which he was now placed.
But David is not free from censure in his professions to Achish
to do what he probably had not the smallest purpose of doing--of
fighting with Achish against his enemies. It is just an instance of the
unhappy consequences into which a false step--a departure from the
straight course of duty--will betray everyone who commits it.
9. notwithstanding the princes of the Philistines have said--The
Philistine government had constitutional checks--or at least the king
was not an absolute sovereign; but his authority was limited--his
proceedings liable to be controlled by "the powerful barons of that
rude and early period--much as the kings of Europe in the Middle Ages
were by the proud and lawless aristocracy which surrounded them"