Commentary Critical and Explanatory
on the Whole Bible
1. Rehoboam went to Shechem--(See on
This chapter is, with a few verbal alterations, the same as in
3. And they sent--rather, "for they had sent," &c. This is
stated as the reason of Jeroboam's return from Egypt.
7. If thou be kind to this people, and please them, and speak good
words to them--In the Book of Kings
the words are, "If thou wilt be a servant unto this people, and wilt
serve them." The meaning in both is the same, namely, If thou wilt make
some reasonable concessions, redress their grievances, and restore
their abridged liberties, thou wilt secure their strong and lasting
attachment to thy person and government.
15-17. the king hearkened not unto the people, for the cause was of
God--Rehoboam, in following an evil counsel, and the Hebrew people,
in making a revolutionary movement, each acted as free agents, obeying
their own will and passions. But God, who permitted the revolt of the
northern tribes, intended it as a punishment of the house of David for
Solomon's apostasy. That event demonstrates the immediate
superintendence of His providence over the revolutions of kingdoms; and
thus it affords an instance, similar to many other striking instances
that are found in Scripture, of divine predictions, uttered long
before, being accomplished by the operation of human passions, and in
the natural course of events.