Commentary Critical and Explanatory
on the Whole Bible
1. Jotham was twenty and five years
His mother's name . . . Jerushah, the daughter of
Zadok--or descendant of the famous priest of that name
2. he did that which was right--The general rectitude of his government
is described by representing it as conducted on the excellent
principles which had guided the early part of his father's reign.
the people did yet corruptly--(See
but the description here is more emphatic, that though Jotham did much
to promote the good of his kingdom and aimed at a thorough reformation
in religion, the widespread and inveterate wickedness of the people
frustrated all his laudable efforts.
3. He built the high gate of the house of the Lord--situated on the
north--that portion of the temple hill which was high compared with the
southern part--hence "the higher," or upper gate
He built, that is, repaired or embellished.
and on the wall of Ophel--Hebrew, "the Ophel," that is, the mound,
or eminence on the southeastern slope of the temple mount, a ridge
lying between the valleys Kedron and Tyropœon, called "the lower city"
built much--having the same desire as his father to secure the defense
of Jerusalem in every direction.
4. in the mountains of Judah, and in the forests he built castles and
towers--that is, in the elevated and wooded spots where fortified
cities could not be placed, he erected castles and towers.
5. He fought also with the king of the Ammonites--This invasion
he not only repelled, but, pursuing the Ammonites into their own
territory, he imposed on them a yearly tribute, which, for two years,
they paid. But when Rezin, king of Syria, and Pekah, king of Israel,
combined to attack the kingdom of Judah, they took the opportunity of
revolting, and Jotham was too distracted by other matters to attempt
the reconquest (see on