Commentary Critical and Explanatory
on the Whole Bible
1. Son of man--often applied to Ezekiel; once only to Daniel
and not to any other prophet. The phrase was no doubt taken from
Chaldean usage during the sojourn of Daniel and Ezekiel in Chaldea. But
the spirit who sanctioned the words of the prophet implied by it the
lowliness and frailty of the prophet as man "lower than the
angels," though now admitted to the vision of angels and of God
Himself, "lest he should be exalted through the abundance of the
He is appropriately so called as being type of the divine "Son of man"
here revealed as "man" (see on
That title, as applied to Messiah, implies at once His lowliness
and His exaltation, in His manifestations as the
Representative man, at His first and second comings respectively
Mt 16:13; 20:18;
and on the other hand,
Da 7:13, 14;
2. spirit entered . . . when he spake--The divine word is ever
accompanied by the Spirit
(Ge 1:2, 3).
set . . . upon . . . feet--He had been "upon his face"
Humiliation on our part is followed by exaltation on God's part
(Eze 3:23, 24;
"On the feet" was the fitting attitude when he was called on to walk
and work for God
(Eph 5:8; 6:15).
that I heard--rather, "then I heard."
3. nation--rather, "nations"; the word usually applied to the
heathen or Gentiles; here to the Jews, as being altogether
heathenized with idolatries. So in
they are named "Sodom" and "Gomorrah." They were now become "Lo-ammi,"
not the people of God
4. impudent--literally, "hard-faced"
(Eze 3:7, 9).
children--resumptive of "they"
the "children" walk in their "fathers'" steps.
I . . . send thee--God opposes His command to all obstacles. Duties
are ours; events are God's.
Thus saith the Lord God--God opposes His name to the obstinacy of
5. forbear--namely, to hear.
yet shall know--Even if they will not hear, at least they will not
have ignorance to plead as the cause of their perversity
6. briers--not as the Margin and
GESENIUS, "rebels," which would
not correspond so well to "thorns." The Hebrew is from a root meaning
"to sting" as nettles do. The wicked are often so called
scorpions--a reptile about six inches long with a deadly sting at the
end of the tail.
be not afraid--
7. most rebellious--literally, "rebellion" itself: its very essence.
8. eat--(See on
Re 10:9, 10).
The idea is to possess himself fully of the message and digest it in
the mind; not literal eating, but such an appropriation
of its unsavory contents that they should become, as it were, part of
himself, so as to impart them the more vividly to his hearers.
9. roll--the form in which ancient books were made.
10. within and without--on the face and the back. Usually the parchment
was written only on its inside when rolled up; but so full was God's
message of impending woes that it was written also on the back.