Commentary Critical and Explanatory
on the Whole Bible
CONTINUATION OF THE
2. mountains of Israel--that is, of Palestine in general. The
mountains are addressed by personification; implying that the
Israelites themselves are incurable and unworthy of any more appeals; so
the prophet sent to Jeroboam did not deign to address the king, but
addressed the altar
The mountains are specified as being the scene of Jewish idolatries on
"the high places"
3. rivers--literally, the "channels" of torrents. Rivers were often
the scene and objects of idolatrous worship.
4. images--called so from a Hebrew root, "to wax hot," implying
the mad ardor of Israel after idolatry
[CALVIN]. Others translate
it, "sun images"; and so in
cast your slain men before your idols--The foolish objects of their
trust in the day of evil should witness their ruin.
5. carcasses . . . before . . . idols--polluting thus with the dead
bones of you, the worshippers, the idols which seemed to you so
6. your works--not gods, as you supposed, but the mere work of
7. ye shall know that I am the Lord--and not your idols, lords. Ye
shall know Me as the all-powerful Punisher of sin.
8. Mitigation of the extreme severity of their punishment; still
their life shall be a wretched one, and linked with exile
(Eze 5:2, 12; 12:16; 14:22;
9. they that escape of you shall remember me--The object of God's
chastisements shall at last be effected by working in them true
contrition. This partially took place in the complete eradication of
idolatry from the Jews ever since the Babylonian captivity. But they
have yet to repent of their crowning sin, the crucifixion of Messiah;
their full repentance is therefore future, after the ordeal of trials
for many centuries, ending with that foretold in
Zec 10:9; 13:8, 9; 14:1-4, 11.
"They shall remember me in far countries"
I am broken with their whorish heart--FAIRBAIRN
"I will break" their whorish heart; English Version is better. In
their exile they shall remember how long I bore with them, but was at
last compelled to punish, after I was "broken" (My long-suffering wearied out)
by their desperate
spiritual whorishness [CALVIN],
Isa 7:13; 43:24; 63:10).
They shall not wait for men to condemn them but shall condemn
(Eze 20:43; 36:31;
11. Gesticulations vividly setting before the hearers the greatness
of the calamity about to be inflicted. In indignation at the
abominations of Israel extend thine hand towards Judea, as if about to
"strike," and "stamp," shaking off the dust with thy foot, in token of
how God shall "stretch out His hand upon them," and tread them down
12. He that is far off--namely, from the foe; those who in a distant
exile fear no evil.
he that remaineth--he that is left in the city; not carried away
into captivity, nor having escaped into the country. Distinct from "he
that is near," namely, those outside the city who are within reach of
"the sword" of the foe, and so fall by it; not by "famine," as those
left in the city.
14. Diblath--another form of Diblathaim, a city in Moab
near which, east and south of the Dead Sea, was the wilderness of