Commentary Critical and Explanatory
on the Whole Bible
1. one told Joseph, Behold, thy father is sick--Joseph was
hastily sent for, and on this occasion he took with him his two
2. Israel strengthened himself, and sat upon the bed--In the
chamber where a good man lies, edifying and spiritual discourse may be
3, 4. God Almighty appeared unto me at Luz--The object of Jacob,
in thus reverting to the memorable vision at Beth-el
--one of the great landmarks in his history--was to point out the
splendid promises in reserve for his posterity--to engage Joseph's
interest and preserve his continued connection with the people of God,
rather than with the Egyptians.
4. Behold, I will make thee fruitful--This is a repetition of the
(Ge 28:13-15; 35:12).
Whether these words are to be viewed in a limited sense, as pointing to
the many centuries during which the Jews were occupiers of the Holy
Land, or whether the words bear a wider meaning and intimate that the
scattered tribes of Israel are to be reinstated in the land of promise,
as their "everlasting possession," are points that have not yet been
5. thy two sons, Ephraim and Manasseh--It was the intention of
the aged patriarch to adopt Joseph's sons as his own, thus giving him a
double portion. The reasons for this procedure are stated
(1Ch 5:1, 2).
are mine--Though their connections might have attached them to
Egypt and opened to them brilliant prospects in the land of their
nativity, they willingly accepted the adoption
9. Bring them, I pray thee, unto me, and I will bless them--The
selected the blessing of Joseph's son as the chief, because the most
comprehensive, instance of the patriarch's faith which his whole
13. Joseph took them both--The very act of pronouncing the
blessing was remarkable, showing that Jacob's bosom was animated by the
spirit of prophecy.
21. Israel said unto Joseph, Behold, I die--The patriarch could
speak of death with composure, but he wished to prepare Joseph and the
rest of the family for the shock.
but God shall be with you--Jacob, in all probability, was not
authorized to speak of their bondage--he dwelt only on the certainty of
their restoration to Canaan.
22. moreover I have given to thee one portion above thy
brethren--This was near Shechem
Jos 16:1; 20:7).
And it is probable that the Amorites, having seized upon it during one
of his frequent absences, the patriarch, with the united forces of his
tribe, recovered it from them by his sword and his bow.