Commentary Critical and Explanatory
on the Whole Bible
CONTINUATION OF THE
THANKSGIVING FOR THE
OVERTHROW OF THE
FACTION, AND THE
The restoration from Babylon and re-establishment of the theocracy was a
type and pledge of this.
counsels of old--
(Isa 42:9; 46:10).
Purposes planned long ago; here, as to the deliverance of His people.
truth--Hebrew, Amen; covenant-keeping, faithful to
promises; the peculiar characteristic of Jesus
2. a city . . . heap--Babylon, type of the seat of
Antichrist, to be destroyed in the last days (compare
with Re 18:1-24,
followed, as here, by the song of the saints' thanksgiving in
"Heaps" is a graphic picture of Babylon and Nineveh as they now are.
palace--Babylon regarded, on account of its splendor, as a vast
palace. But MAURER translates, "a citadel."
of strangers--foreigners, whose capital pre-eminently Babylon was, the
metropolis of the pagan world. "Aliens from the commonwealth of Israel,
strangers from the covenants of promise"
see in contrast,
never be built--
(Isa 13:19, 20,
3. strong people--This cannot apply to the Jews; but other nations
on which Babylon had exercised its cruelty
shall worship Jehovah, awed by the judgment inflicted on Babylon
city--not Babylon, which shall then be destroyed, but collectively for
the cities of the surrounding nations.
4. the poor . . . needy--the Jews, exiles from their country
(Isa 26:6; 41:17).
(Isa 4:6; 32:2).
blast--that is, wrath.
storm--a tempest of rain, a winter flood, rushing against and
overthrowing the wall of a house.
5. Translate, "As the heat in a dry land (is brought down by the
shadow of a cloud, so) thou shalt bring down the tumult
(the shout of triumph over their enemies) of strangers
(foreigners); and as the heat
by the shadow of the cloud (is brought low), so the branch
(the offspring) of the terrible ones shall be brought low."
translates the Hebrew for "branch," the exulting song.
translates the last clause, "And as when the heat burns under a cloud,
thou shalt make the branch of the terrible ones to wither"; the branch
withering even under the friendly shade of a cloud typifies the wicked
brought to ruin, not for want of natural means of prosperity, but by the
immediate act of God.
6. in this mountain--Zion: Messiah's kingdom was to begin, and is to
have its central seat hereafter, at Jerusalem, as the common country of
feast--image of felicity
(Ps 22:26, 27;
Ps 36:8; 87:1-7).
fat things--delicacies; the rich mercies of God in Christ
wines on the lees--wine which has been long kept on the lees; that
is, the oldest and most generous wine
marrow--the choicest dainties
well refined--cleared of all dregs.
7. face of . . . covering--image from mourning, in which it was usual
to cover the face with a veil
"Face of covering," that is, the covering itself; as in
"the face of his garment," the garment itself. The covering or veil is
the mist of ignorance as to a future state, and the way to eternal
life, which enveloped the nations
and the unbelieving Jew
The Jew, however, is first to be converted before the
conversion of "all nations"; for it is "in this
mountain," namely, Zion, that the latter are to have the veil taken off
(Ps 102:13, 15, 16, 21, 22;
8. Quoted in
in support of the resurrection.
swallow up . . . in victory--completely and permanently "abolish"
Re 20:14; 21:4;
Ge 2:17; 3:22).
9. And it shall be said in that day, &c.--"After death has been
swallowed up for ever, the people of God, who had been delivered from
the hand of death, shall say to the Lord, Lo, this is our God, whom
unbelievers regarded as only a man"
[JEROME]. "The words are so
moulded as to point us specially to the person of the Son of God, who
'saves' us; as He vouchsafed to Israel temporal saving, so to His elect
He appears for the purpose of conferring eternal salvation"
The Jews, however, have a special share in the words, This is
our God (see on
we have waited--"Waited" is characteristic of God's people in all ages
we will be glad and rejoice in his salvation--compare
which refers to the second coming of Jesus (compare
with Lu 13:35).
10. rest--as its permanent protector; on "hand" in this
Ezr 7:6, 28.
Moab--while Israel is being protected, the foe is destroyed; Moab is
the representative of all the foes of God's people.
under him--Rather, "in his own place" or "country"
(Ex 10:23; 16:29).
for the dunghill--Rather, "in the water of the dung heap," in which
straw was trodden to make it manure
HORSLEY translates either, "in the waters of
Madmenah," namely, for the making of bricks; or as the
Septuagint, "as the threshing-floor is trampled by the
corn-drag" (see Margin;
11. he--Jehovah shall spread His hands to strike the foe
on this side and on that, with as little effort as a swimmer spreads
forth his arms to cleave a passage through the water
LOWTH takes "he" as Moab, who, in danger of
sinking, shall strain every nerve to save himself; but Jehovah
(and "he") shall cause him to sink ("bring down the pride" of Moab,
with the spoils of . . . hands--literally, "the craftily acquired
spoils" of his (Moab's) hands [BARNES].
Moab's pride, as well as the
sudden gripe of his hands (namely, whereby he tries to save himself from
"Together with the joints of his hands," that is,
though Moab struggle against Jehovah hand and foot
12. fortress--the strongholds of Moab, the representative
of the foes of God's people [BARNES]. Babylon
[MAURER]. The society of infidels represented as a