Commentary Critical and Explanatory
on the Whole Bible
An ode of congratulation to Zion on her restoration at the Lord's second
advent to her true position as the mother church from which the Gospel
is to be diffused to the whole Gentile world; the first promulgation of
the Gospel among the Gentiles, beginning at Jerusalem
is an earnest of this. The language is too glorious to apply to anything
that as yet has happened.
1. Arise--from the dust in which thou hast been sitting as a mourning
(Isa 3:26; 52:1, 2).
shine--or, "be enlightened; for thy light cometh"; impart to others
the spiritual light now given thee
The Margin and GESENIUS translate, "Be
enlightened"; be resplendent with posterity; imperative for the future
indicative, "Thou shalt be enlightened"
(Isa 58:8, 10;
Eph 5:8, 14).
glory of the Lord--not merely the Shekinah, or cloud of glory, such
as rested above the ark in the old dispensation, but the glory of the
Lord in person
(Jer 3:16, 17).
is risen--as the sun
2. darkness . . . earth--the rest of the earth:
in contrast with "light . . . upon thee"
The earth will be afterwards enlightened through Israel
be seen--conspicuously: so the Hebrew.
(Isa 2:3; 11:10; 43:6; 49:22; 66:12).
(Isa 49:7, 23; 52:15).
thy rising--rather, "thy sun-rising," that is, "to the brightness
that riseth upon thee."
4. Lift up . . . eyes--Jerusalem is addressed as a female with
eyes cast down from grief.
all they . . . they--The Gentile peoples come together to bring back
the dispersed Hebrews, restore their city, and worship Jehovah with
nursed at thy side--rather "carried at thy side." It is the custom
in the East to carry the children astride on the hip, with the arms
around the body
namely, the bringing back of thy sons.
flow together--rather, "overflow with joy"
[LOWTH]; or, from a
different Hebrew root, "be bright with joy"
fear--rather, beat with the agitation of solemn joy at the
marvellous sight [HORSLEY]
be enlarged--swell with delight. Grief, on the contrary,
contracts the heart.
abundance of . . . sea--the wealth of the lands beyond
the sea, as in Solomon's time, the type of the coming reign of the
Prince of peace.
converted--rather, "be turned," instead of being turned to
purposes of sin and idolatry.
6. camels--laden with merchandise; the camel is "the ship of the
cover thee--so many of them shall there be.
dromedaries--They have one hunch on the back, whereas the camel has two: distinguished for swiftness
Midian--east of the Elanitic branch of the Red Sea, and stretching
northward along Mount Seir. Associated with the Ishmaelites in traffic
(Ge 37:25, 28).
Ephah--part of Midian, east of the Dead Sea. It abounded in camels
Sheba--in Arabia-Felix, famed for frankincense and gold
which they traded in
in the south of Arabia-Deserta, or north of Arabia-Petræa; they
traded in flocks
Nebaioth--son of Ishmael, as was Kedar. Father of the Nabatheans in
minister--by coming up as an acceptable sacrifice.
come up with acceptance--that is, acceptably. The rams
offering themselves voluntarily
without waiting for any other priest, answer to believers strong in
faith and lamb-like meekness; and in the white fleece-like robe of
house of my glory--the temple
Hag 2:7, 9;
8. The prophet, seeing in vision new hosts approaching quickly like
a cloud of doves, asks who they are.
9. (see on
Tarshish first--The ships of Tartessus
that is, vessels that trade to the most distant regions) will be among
the foremost to bring back the scattered Israelites
their silver--The nations among whom the Jews have been scattered
shall help them with their money in returning
(Isa 60:5-7, 11, 16),
as was the case at the return from Babylon
Ps 68:30, 31).
unto the name . . . to the Holy One--rather, because of the
name--because of the Holy One (compare
10. kings . . . minister unto thee--(See on
in my wrath I smote thee--
(Isa 54:7, 8; 57:17).
The gates are ever open to receive new offerings and converts
In time of peace the gates of a city are open: so, under the
Prince of peace, there shall be no need of barring gates against
be brought--as willing captives to the truth; or, if not willingly, be bought by judgments to submit to Israel
(Isa 60:12, 14).
GESENIUS explains it, "may come escorted by a
12. For--the reason which will lead Gentile kings and people to submit
themselves; fear of the God in Israel
13. glory--that is, the trees which adorned Lebanon; emblem of
men eminent in natural gifts, devoting all that is in them to the God of
(Ho 14:5, 6).
fir . . . pine . . . box--rather, "the cypress . . . ilex . . . cedar."
place of my sanctuary--Jerusalem
place of my feet--no longer the ark
"the footstool" of Jehovah
(Ps 99:5; 132:7;
but "the place of His throne, the place of the soles of His feet, where
He will dwell in the midst of the children of Israel for ever," in the
14. The sons--Their fathers who "afflicted" Israel having been
cut off by divine judgments
(Isa 14:1, 2; 49:23).
The Zion of the Holy One--The royal court of the Holy One.
translates, "Zion, the sanctuary (holy place) of Israel"
(Ps 78:60, 61).
no man went through thee--Thy land was so desolate that no traveller,
or caravan, passed through thee; true only of Israel, not true of the
excellency--glory, that is, for ever honored.
16. suck--Thou shalt draw to thyself and enjoy all that is valuable
of the possessions of the Gentiles, &c.
(Isa 49:23; 61:6; 66:11, 12).
know--by the favors bestowed on thee, and through thee on the Gentiles.
17. Poetically, with figurative allusion to the furniture of the
temple; all things in that happy age to come shall be changed for the
exactors--namely, of tribute.
righteousness--All rulers in restored Jerusalem shall not only be
peaceable and righteous, but shall be, as it were, "peace" and
"righteousness" itself in their administration.
Not only shall thy walls keep thee safe from foes, but
"Salvation" shall serve as thy walls, converting thy foes into friends,
and so ensuring thee perfect safety
(Isa 26:1, 2).
gates--once the scene of "destruction" when victorious foes burst
henceforth to be not only the scene of praises, but "Praise" itself;
the "gates," as the place of public concourse, were the scene of
Ps 9:14; 24:7; 100:4).
"Judah," the favored tribe, means "praise."
19. The sun and moon, the brightest objects by day and night, shall
be eclipsed by the surpassing glory of God manifesting Himself to thee
Re 21:23; 22:5).
20. There shall be no national and spiritual obscuration again as
mourning . . . ended--
21. all righteous--
(Isa 4:3; 52:1;
inherit . . . land--
(Isa 49:8; 54:3; 65:9;
Ps 37:11, 22;
branch of my planting--
work of my hands--the converted Israelites
(Isa 29:23; 45:11).
that I may be glorified--the final end of all God's gracious dealings
(Isa 49:3; 61:3).
22. little one--Even one, and that the smallest in number and rank,
shall be multiplied a thousandfold in both respects
Mt 13:31, 32).
his time--not our time; we might wish to hasten it, but it will
come in due time, as in the case of Jesus' first coming
so in that of the restoration of Israel and the conversion of the world