Commentary Critical and Explanatory
on the Whole Bible
IT, AS THE
1. I--the prophet, as representative of all the praying people of
God who love and intercede for Zion (compare
Isa 62:6, 7;
or else Messiah (compare
So Messiah is represented as unfainting in His efforts for His people
(Isa 42:4; 50:7).
righteousness thereof--not its own inherently, but imputed to it,
for its restoration to God's favor: hence "salvation" answers to it
in the parallelism. "Judah" is to be "saved" through "the Lord our (Judah's and the Church's) righteousness"
as brightness--properly the bright shining of the rising sun
(Isa 60:19; 4:5;
42:1-6; 49:7, 22, 23; 60:3, 5, 16).
new name--expression of thy new and improved condition
the more valuable and lasting as being conferred by Jehovah Himself
Re 2:17; 3:12).
in . . . hand of . . . Lord--As a crown is
worn on the head, not "in the hand," hand must here be
figurative for "under the Lord's protection" (compare
"All His saints are in thy hand." His people are in His hand at
the same time that they are "a crown of glory" to Him
(Re 6:2; 19:12);
reciprocally, He is "a crown of glory and a diadem of beauty" to
4. be termed--be "forsaken," so as that that term could be
applicable to thee.
the name of Hezekiah's wife, a type of Jerusalem, as Hezekiah was of
"my delight is in her."
Beulah--"Thou art married." See the same contrast of Zion's past and
future state under the same figure
Re 21:2, 4).
land . . . married--to Jehovah as its Lord and Husband: implying
not only ownership, but protection on the part of the Owner
5. thy sons--rather, changing the points, which are of no authority
in Hebrew, "thy builder" or "restorer," that is, God; for in the
parallel clause, and in
God is implied as being "married" to her; whereas her "sons" could
hardly be said to marry their mother; and in
they are said to be her bridal ornaments, not her husband. The
plural form, builders, is used of God in reverence as
"husbands" (see on
over the bride--in the possession of the bride
6. I--Isaiah speaking in the person of the Messiah.
watchmen upon . . . walls--image from the watches set upon a city's
wall to look out for the approach of a messenger with good tidings
(Isa 52:7, 8);
the good tidings of the return of the Jewish exiles from Babylon,
prefiguring the return from the present dispersion (compare
Isa 21:6-11; 56:10;
Eze 3:17; 33:7).
The watches in the East are announced by a loud cry to mark the
vigilance of the watchmen.
ye that . . . mention . . . Lord--Hebrew, "ye that are the
Lord's remembrancers"; God's servants who by their prayers "put God in
remembrance" of His promises
we are required to remind God, as if God could, which He cannot,
forget His promises
7. no rest--Hebrew, "silence"; keep not silence yourselves, nor let Him rest in silence. Compare as to Messiah Himself, "I will
not hold . . . peace . . . not rest"
(Isa 62:6, 7)
in intercessory "prayer without ceasing" for Jerusalem
(Ps 122:6; 51:18);
also for the spiritual Jerusalem, the Church
(Lu 18:1, 7;
a praise--(See on
8. sworn by . . . right hand--His mighty instrument of accomplishing
His will (compare
sons of . . . stranger--Foreigners shall no more rob thee of the
fruit of thy labors (compare
Isa 65:21, 22).
9. eat . . . and praise--not consume it on their own lusts, and
drink it in . . . courts--They who have gathered the vintage
shall drink it at the feasts held in the courts surrounding the temple
(De 12:17, 18; 14:23,
10. What Isaiah in the person of Messiah had engaged in
unrestingly to seek, and what the watchmen were unrestingly to pray for
and what Jehovah solemnly promised
(Isa 62:8, 9),
is now to be fulfilled; the Gentile nations are commanded to "go
through the gates" (either of their own cities
[ROSENMULLER] or of Jerusalem
[MAURER]), in order to remove all obstacles out of
"the way of the people (Israel)" (see on
Isa 40:3; 52:10-12).
standard--for the dispersed Jews to rally round, with a view to
(Isa 49:22; 11:12).
11. salvation--embodied in the Saviour (see
his work--rather, recompense
12. Sought out--Sought after and highly prized by Jehovah;
answering to "not forsaken" in the parallel clause; no longer abandoned,
but loved; image from a wife