Commentary Critical and Explanatory
on the Whole Bible
CONNECTED WITH THE
As the overthrow of the apostate faction is described in the
twenty-fifth chapter, so the peace of the faithful is here described
under the image of a well-fortified city.
1. strong city--Jerusalem, strong in Jehovah's protection: type of
the new Jerusalem
contrasted with the overthrow of the ungodly foe
(Isa 26:4-7, 12-14;
Re 22:2, 10-12,
salvation . . . walls--
MAURER translates, "Jehovah makes His help serve
(Isa 33:20, 21,
bulwarks--the trench with the antemural earthworks exterior to the
2. Address of the returning people to the gates of Jerusalem
(type of the heavenly city,
(Ps 24:7, 9; 118:19).
(Re 22:14; 21:25, 27).
righteous nation--that had not apostatized during the captivity.
HORSLEY translates, "The nation of the Just One,"
namely, the Jews.
3. mind . . . stayed--
(Ps 112:7, 8).
Jesus can create "perfect peace" within thy mind, though storms of
trial rage without
as a city kept securely by a strong garrison within, though besieged
"Keep," literally, "guard as with a garrison." HORSLEY translates, (God's) workmanship (the
Hebrew does not probably mean "mind," but "a thing
so constantly "supported"; or else "formed and supported (by Thee) Thou
shalt preserve (it, namely, the righteous nation) in perpetual
4. Lord JEHOVAH--Hebrew, Jah, Jehovah.
The union of the two names
expresses in the highest degree God's unchanging love and power (compare
This passage, and
are the four in which the English Version retains the
JEHOVAH of the original. MAURER translates, "For JAH (the
eternal unchangeable One,
is JEHOVAH, the rock of ages" (compare
5. lofty city--Babylon; representative of the stronghold of the foes
of God's people in all ages
(Isa 25:2, 12; 13:14).
the once afflicted Jewish captives. "Foot shall tread," is figurative
for exulting in the fall of God's enemies
7. uprightness--rather, "is direct," that is, is directed by God to
a prosperous issue, however many be their afflictions in the
meantime (as in the case of the Jewish exiles); the context requires
Pr 3:6; 11:5),
[MAURER]: thus "way" means God's dealings with
Rather, "thou dost make plain and level" [MAURER],
removing all obstacles
(Isa 40:3, 4).
8. way of thy judgments--We have waited for Thy proceeding to
punish the enemy
(Isa 26:9, 10)
[MAURER]. HORSLEY translates
Isa 26:7, 8,
"The path of the Just One is perfectly even; an even road Thou
wilt level for the Just One, even the path of Thy laws, O
Jehovah. We have expected Thee."
name . . . remembrance--the manifested
character of God by which He would be remembered
9. With, . . . soul . . . I--literally, "I . . . my soul," in
apposition; the faithful Jews here speak individually. The overthrow
of the foe and the restoration of the Jews are to follow upon prayer on the part of the latter and of all God's people
(Isa 62:1-4, 6, 7;
in the night--
world . . . learn . . . righteousness--the remnant left after judgments
(Ps 58:10, 11;
10. uprightness--rather, as in
"prosperity," answering to "favor" in the parallelism, and in
antithesis to "judgments in the earth"
where prosperity attends the wicked as well as the just, "he will not
learn righteousness," therefore judgments must be sent that he
may "learn" it [MAURER].
11. lifted up--to punish the foes of God's people. They who will not see shall be made to "see" to their cost
their envy at the people--that is, "Thy people."
"They shall see with confusion Thy zeal for Thy people."
fire of . . . enemies--that is, the fire to which Thine enemies are
12. peace--God's favor, including all blessings, temporal and
spiritual, opposed to their previous trials
13. other lords--temporal; heathen kings
(2Ch 12:8; 28:5, 6),
Nebuchadnezzar, &c. Spiritual also, idols and lusts
by thee only--It is due to Thee alone, that we again worship Thee as
our Lord [MAURER].
"(We are) Thine only, we will celebrate Thy name"
The sanctifying effect of affliction
(Ps 71:16; 119:67, 71).
14. They--The "other lords" or tyrants
shall not live--namely, again.
deceased--Hebrew, "Rephaim"; powerless, in the land of shades
(Isa 14:9, 10).
therefore--that is, inasmuch as. Compare "therefore"
(Ge 18:5; 19:8).
15. hast--prophetical preterite
hast removed . . . far . . . ends of . . . earth--rather, "Thou hast
extended far all the borders of the land" [VITRINGA].
as a vessel emptying out all its contents.
prayer--literally, "a whispered prayer," Margin, "a secret sighing"
to God for help (compare
17. An image of anguish accompanied with expectation, to be followed
by joy that will cause the anguish utterly to be forgotten. Zion,
looking for deliverance, seemingly in vain, but really about to be
(Mic 4:9, 10-13; 5:1-3;
Joh 16:21, 22).
18. brought forth wind--MICHAELIS explains
this of the disease empneumatosis. Rather, "wind" is a figure
for that which proves an abortive effort. The "we" is in
antithesis to "Thy," "my"
what we vainly attempt, God will accomplish.
not wrought . . . deliverance in . . .
earth--literally, "the land (Judea) is not made security,"
that is, is not become a place of security from our enemies.
neither . . . world fallen--The "world" at large, is
in antithesis to "the earth," that is, Judea. The world at enmity with
the city of God has not been subdued. But MAURER
explains "fallen," according to Arabic idiom, of the
birth of a child, which is said to fall when being born;
"inhabitants of the world (Israel,
not the world in general) are not yet born"; that is, the country as
yet lies desolate, and is not yet populated.
19. In antithesis to
"They (Israel's foes) shall not live"; "Thy (Jehovah's) dead men (the
Jews) shall live," that is, primarily, be restored, spiritually
civilly and nationally
whereas Thy foes shall not; ultimately, and in the fullest scope of the
prophecy, restored to life literally
together with my dead body--rather, "my dead body," or "bodies" (the
Jewish nation personified, which had been spiritually and civilly dead;
or the nation, as a parent, speaking of the bodies of her children
individually, see on
"I," "My"): Jehovah's "dead" and "my dead" are one and the same [HORSLEY]. However, as Jesus is the antitype to Israel
English Version gives a true sense, and one ultimately
contemplated in the prophecy: Christ's dead body being raised
again is the source of Jehovah's people (all, and especially
believers, the spiritual Israelites) also being raised
in dust--prostate and dead, spiritually and nationally; also literally
(Isa 25:12; 47:1).
dew--which falls copiously in the East and supplies somewhat the lack
cast out . . . dead--that is, shall bring them forth
to life again.
20. enter . . . chambers--When God is about to take
vengeance on the ungodly, the saints shall be shut in by Him in a place
of safety, as Noah and his family were in the days of the flood
and as Israel was commanded not to go out of doors on the night of the
slaying of the Egyptian first-born
(Ex 12:22, 23;
Ps 31:20; 83:3).
The saints are calmly and confidently to await the issue
(Ex 14:13, 14).
disclose . . . blood--
(Ge 4:10, 11;
Eze 24:7, 8).
All the innocent blood shed, and all other wrongs done, so long
seemingly with impunity, shall then be avenged