Commentary Critical and Explanatory
on the Whole Bible
STRENGTH OF THE
1. and stay on horses, and trust in chariots--In their level and
fertile plains horses could easily be used and fed
In hilly Palestine horses were not so easily had or available. The Jews
were therefore the more eager to get Egyptian chariots as allies
against the Assyrian cavalry. In Assyrian sculptures chariots are
represented drawn by three horses, and with three men in them (see
2. he also is wise--as well as the Egyptian priests, so famed for
but who are "fools" before Him
He not only devises, but executes what He devises without "calling back
home--the whole race.
help--the Egyptian succor sought by the Jews.
3. not spirit--not of divine power
(Ps 56:4; 146:3, 5;
he that helpeth--Egypt.
roaring on--"growling over" his prey.
abase himself--be disheartened or frightened.
5. As in the image of "the lion," the point of comparison is the
fearless might of Jehovah; so in that of the birds, it is His solicitous
flying--Rather, "which defend" their young with their wings; "to
fly" is a secondary meaning of the Hebrew word
over" to protect their young [G. V. SMITH].
passing over--as the destroying angel passing over, so as to spare the blood-marked houses of the Israelites on the first passover
(Ex 12:13, 23, 27).
He passed, or leaped forward [LOWTH], to
destroy the enemy and to spare His people.
6. The power and love of Jehovah, just mentioned, are the strongest
incentives for returning to Him
(Eze 16:62, 63;
ye . . . Israel--The change of person marks that when
they return to the Lord, He will address them in more direct terms of
communion in the second person; so long as they were revolters,
God speaks of them, as more at a distance, in the third person,
rather than to them.
7. In the day of trial the idols will be found to render no help and
will therefore be cast away. Compare as to the future restoration and
conversion of Israel simultaneously with the interposition of Jehovah in
Zec 12:9-14; 13:1, 2.
for a sin--that is, whereby especially you contracted guilt
8. Assyrian--Sennacherib, representative of some powerful head of the
ungodly in the latter ages [HORSLEY].
sword, not of . . . mighty . . . mean man--but by the unseen sword of
flee--Sennacherib alone fled homewards after his army had been
young men--the flower of his army.
discomfited--rather, "shall be subject to slavery"; literally, "shall
be liable to tribute," that is, personal service
[MAURER]. Or, not so well, "shall melt away"
9. Rather, "shall pass beyond his strongholds"; he Shall not stop
to take refuge in it through fear
ensign--the banner of Jehovah protecting the Jews
fire . . . furnace--"light" and "fire," namely, of
Jehovah's altar at Jerusalem
Perhaps "furnace," as distinguished from "fire," may mean that His
dwelling-place (His hearth) was at Jerusalem (compare
or else the fiery furnace awaiting all the enemies who should