Commentary Critical and Explanatory
on the Whole Bible
CONTINUATION OF THE
PROPHECY IN THE
1. solitary place--literally, "a dry place," without springs of
water. A moral wilderness is meant.
for them--namely, on account of the punishment inflicted according
to the preceding prophecy on the enemy; probably the blessings set forth
in this chapter are included in the causes for joy
rose--rather, "the meadow-saffron," an autumnal flower with bulbous
roots; so Syriac translation.
2. glory of Lebanon--its ornament, namely, its cedars
excellency of Carmel--namely, its beauty.
Sharon--famed for its fertility.
see . . . glory of the Lord . . . excellency--
(Isa 40:5, 9).
While the wilderness which had neither "glory" nor "excellency" shall
have both "given to it," the Lord shall have all the "glory" and
"excellency" ascribed to Him, not to the transformed wilderness
3. Strengthen . . . hands . . . confirm . . . knees--The Hebrew for "strengthen" refers to the strength residing in the hand for
grasping and holding a thing manfully; "confirm," to the firmness with
which one keeps his ground, so as not to be dislodged by any other
Encourage the Jews, now desponding, by the assurance of the
4. fearful--"hasty," Margin; that is, with a heart fluttered with
with--the Hebrew is more forcible than the English Version: "God will come, vengeance! even God, a recompense!" The sense is the
5, 6. Language figuratively, descriptive of the joy felt at the
deliverance from Assyria and Babylon; literally, true of the antitypical
times of Messiah and His miracles (see Margin references,
2Jo 5, 8;
6. leap--literally, "fulfilled"
(Ac 3:8; 14:10).
in . . . wilderness . . .
7. parched ground--rather, "the mirage (Hebrew, Sharab, 'the
sun's heat') shall become a
(real) lake." The sun's rays refracted on
the glowing sands at midday give the appearance of a lake of water and
often deceive the thirsty traveller (compare
grass--rather, "a dwelling or receptacle
(answering to the previous habitation) for reeds," &c.
(which only grow where there is water,
Where once there was no water, water shall abound.
8. highway--such a causeway (raised way, from a
Hebrew root, "to cast up") as was used for the march of armies;
valleys being filled up, hills and other obstructions removed
Isa 40:3, 4).
way of holiness--Hebraism for "the holy way." HORSLEY translates, "the way of the Holy One;" but the
words that follow, and
show it is the way leading the redeemed back to Jerusalem, both the
literal and the heavenly
still Christ at His coming again shall be the Leader on the way, for
which reason it is called, "The way of the Lord"
it shall be for those: the wayfaring men--rather, "He (the Holy One)
shall be with them, walking in the way" [HORSLEY].
though fools--rather, "And (even) fools," that is, the simple shall
not go astray, namely, because "He shall be with them"
9. No lion--such as might be feared on the way through the wilderness
which abounded in wild beasts, back to Judea. Every danger shall be
warded off the returning people
10. Language: literally, applying to the return from Babylon;
figuratively and more fully to the completed redemption of both literal
and spiritual Israel.
joy upon . . . heads--
Joy manifested in their countenances. Some fancy an allusion to the
custom of pouring oil "upon the head," or wearing chaplets in times of