Commentary Critical and Explanatory
on the Whole Bible
that day--the calamitous period described in previous chapter.
seven--indefinite number among the Jews. So many men would be slain,
that there would be very many more women than men; for example, seven
women, contrary to their natural bashfulness, would sue to (equivalent
to "take hold of,"
one man to marry them.
eat . . . own bread--foregoing the privileges, which the law
gives to wives, when a man has more than one.
reproach--of being unwedded and childless; especially felt among the
Jews, who were looking for "the seed of the woman," Jesus Christ,
Isa 54:1, 4;
2. In contrast to those on whom vengeance falls, there is a
manifestation of Jesus Christ to the "escaped of Israel" in His
characteristic attributes, beauty and glory, typified in Aaron's
Their sanctification is promised as the fruit of their being
"written" in the book of life by sovereign love
the means of it are the "spirit of judgment" and that of "burning"
Their "defense" by the special presence of Jesus Christ is promised
(Isa 4:5, 6).
branch--the sprout of JEHOVAH. Messiah
(Jer 23:5; 33:15;
Zec 3:8; 6:12;
Margin). The parallel clause does not, as MAURER objects, oppose this; for "fruit of the earth"
answers to "branch"; He shall not be a dry, but a fruit-bearing
He is "of the earth" in His birth and death, while He is also
"of the Lord" (Jehovah)
His name, "the Branch," chiefly regards His descent from David, when
the family was low and reduced
(Lu 2:4, 7, 24);
a sprout with more than David's glory, springing as from a decayed tree
(Isa 11:1; 53:2;
(Heb 1:4; 8:6).
(So 5:15, 16;
escaped of Israel--the elect remnant
(1) in the return from Babylon; (2) in the escape from Jerusalem's
destruction under Titus; (3) in the still future assault on Jerusalem,
and deliverance of "the third part"; events mutually analogous, like
13:8, 9, &c.; 14:2;
3. left in Zion--equivalent to the "escaped of Israel"
shall be called--shall be
(Isa 52:1; 60:21;
written--in the book of life, antitypically
Re 3:5; 17:8).
Primarily, in the register kept of Israel's families and
living--not "blotted out" from the registry, as dead; but
written there as among the "escaped of Israel"
To the elect of Israel, rather than the saved in general, the
special reference is here
4. When--that is, After.
daughters of Zion--same as in
purged--purified by judgments; destroying the ungodly, correcting
and refining the godly.
spirit--Whatever God does in the universe, He does by His
Spirit, "without the hand" of man
Here He is represented using His power as Judge.
(Mt 3:11, 12).
The same Holy Ghost, who sanctifies believers by the fire of affliction
(Mal 3:2, 3),
dooms unbelievers to the fire of perdition
5. create--The "new creation" needs as much God's creative
omnipotence, as the material creation
So it shall be in the case of the Holy Jerusalem to come
(Isa 65:17, 18).
upon--The pillar of cloud stood over the tabernacle, as symbol of
God's favor and presence
(Ex 13:21, 22;
Both on individual families ("every dwelling") and on the
general sacred "assemblies"
The "cloud" became a "fire" by night in order to be seen by the Lord's
upon all the glory--"upon the glorious whole"; namely, the Lord's
people and sanctuary [MAURER].
May it not mean, "Upon whatever the glory
(the Shekinah spoken of in the previous clause) shall rest, there
shall be a defense." The symbol of His presence shall ensure also
safety. So it was to Israel against the Egyptians at the Red Sea
(Ex 14:19, 20).
So it shall be to literal Jerusalem hereafter
Also to the Church, the spiritual "Zion"
(Isa 32:18; 33:15-17;
"The word 'tabernacled' (Greek for 'dwelt') among us"
It is a "shadow from the heat" and "refuge from the storm" of divine
wrath against man's sins
Heat and storms are violent in the East; so that a portable tent is a
needful part of a traveller's outfit. Such shall be God's wrath
hereafter, from which the "escaped of Israel" shall be sheltered by
(Isa 26:20, 21; 32:2).
covert--answering to "defense"
The Hebrew for defense in
is "covering"; the lid of the ark or mercy seat was named from the same
Hebrew word, caphar; the propitiatory; for it,
being sprinkled with blood by the high priest once a year, on the day
of atonement, covered the people typically from wrath. Jesus
Christ is the true Mercy Seat, on whom the Shekinah rested, the
propitiatory, or atonement, beneath whom the law is kept, as it
was literally within the ark, and man is covered from the storm.
The redeemed Israel shall also be, by union with Him, a tabernacle for
God's glory, which, unlike that in the wilderness, shall not be taken