Commentary Critical and Explanatory
on the Whole Bible
NEEDED ON THE
ADMITTED TO THE
1. judgment--equity. John the Baptist preached similarly a return to
righteousness, as needed to prepare men for Messiah's first coming
(Lu 3:3, 8-14).
So it shall be before the second coming
near to come--
(Mt 3:2; 4:17),
also as to the second coming
(Isa 62:10, 11;
Lu 21:28, 31;
Ro 13:11, 12;
righteousness--answering to "salvation" in the parallel clause;
therefore it means righteousness which bringeth salvation
Ro 3:25, 26).
the man--Hebrew, enosh, "a man in humble life," in
contradistinction to Hebrew, ish, "one of high rank." Even the
humblest, as "the stranger" and "the eunuch"
(Isa 56:4, 6),
are admissible to these privileges.
this . . . it--what follows: "keeping the Sabbath," &c.
(Isa 58:13, 14;
A proof that the Sabbath, in the spirit of its obligation, was
to be binding under the Gospel
That gospel times are referred to is plain, from the blessing not being
pronounced on the man who observed the sacrificial ritual of the
layeth hold--image from one grasping firmly some precious object
which he is afraid of having forcibly snatched from him. The "Sabbath"
here includes all the ordinances of divine worship under the new gospel
keepeth . . . hand . . . from . . . evil--The observance of the second
table of the law; as the "Sabbath" referred to the first table.
Together, they form the whole duty of man, the worship of God and a holy
3. God welcomes all believers, without distinction of persons, under
the new economy
(Ac 10:34, 35).
joined . . . to . . . Lord--
(Nu 18:4, 7).
separated--Proselytes from the Gentiles were not admitted to the
same privileges as native Israelites. This barrier between Jews and
Gentiles was to be broken down
&c.). Eunuchs were chamberlains over harems, or court ministers in
dry tree--barren (compare
not admissible into the congregation of Israel
Under the Gospel the eunuch and stranger should be released from
religious and civil disabilities.
4. please me--sacrifice their own pleasure to mine.
take hold--so "layeth hold"
5. in mine house--the temple, the emblem of the Church
They shall no longer be confined as proselytes were, to the outer
court, but shall be admitted "into the holiest"
(Heb 10:19, 20).
a place--literally, "a hand."
than of sons--Though the eunuch is barren of children
I will give him a more lasting name than that of being father of sons
and daughters (regarded as a high honor among the Hebrews)
(Joh 1:12; 10:3;
Re 2:17; 3:12).
6. join . . . Lord--
Conditions of admission to the privileges of adoption.
7. Even them--
to my holy mountain--Jerusalem, the seat of the Lord's throne in His
burnt offerings . . . sacrifices--spiritual, of which the literal
spiritually, the Cross of Christ, which sanctifies our sacrifices of
prayer and praise.
house . . . for all people--or rather, "peoples." No longer restricted
to one favored people
Joh 4:21, 23;
To be fully realized at the second coming
No longer literal, but spiritual sacrifice, namely, "prayer" shall be
(Ps 141:2; 51:17;
8. Jehovah will not only restore the scattered outcasts of Israel
to their own land, but "will gather others ('strangers') to him
(Israel), besides those gathered" (Margin, "to his gathered";
that is, in addition to the Israelites collected from their
Eph 1:10; 2:19).
9. beasts--Gentile idolatrous nations hostile to the Jews, summoned
by God to chastise them
(Jer 12:7-9; 50:17;
the Chaldeans and subsequently the Romans. The mention of the "outcasts
brings in view the outcasting, caused by the sins of their rulers
to devour--namely, Israel.
10. His watchmen--Israel's spiritual leaders
dumb dogs--image from bad shepherds' watchdogs, which fail to give
notice, by barking, of the approach of wild beasts.
sleeping, lying down--rather, "dreamers, sluggards"
[LOWTH]. Not merely
sleeping inactive, but under visionary delusions.
loving to slumber--not merely slumbering involuntarily, but loving it.
11. greedy--literally, "strong" (that is, insatiable) in appetite
(Eze 34:2, 3;
cannot understand--unable to comprehend the wants of the people,
look to . . . own way--that is, their own selfish interests; not to
the spiritual welfare of the people
from his quarter--rather, "from the highest to the lowest"
"From his quarter"; that is, from one end to the other of them,
one and all
12. fetch wine--language of the national teachers challenging one
another to drink. BARNES translates, "I will take another cup"
to-morrow, &c.--Their self-indulgence was habitual and
intentional: not merely they drink, but they mean to continue so.