Commentary Critical and Explanatory
on the Whole Bible
RESTORATION OF THE
BABYLON AND THE
DESTRUCTION OF THE
JUDEA AND IN
REPRESENTED UNDER THE
TYPE OF A
1. Lord showed me--
Am 7:1, 4, 7; 8:1,
contains the same formula, with the addition of "thus" prefixed.
carried . . . captive Jeconiah--
&c.; 2Ch 36:10).
carpenters, &c.--One thousand artisans were carried to Babylon,
both to work for the king there, and to deprive Jerusalem of their
services in the event of a future siege
2. figs . . . first ripe--the "boccora," or early fig
Baskets of figs used to be offered as first-fruits in the temple. The
good figs represent Jeconiah and the exiles in Babylon; the
bad, Zedekiah and the obstinate Jews in Judea. They are called
good and bad respectively, not in an absolute, but a
comparative sense, and in reference to the punishment of the latter.
This prophecy was designed to encourage the despairing exiles, and to
reprove the people at home, who prided themselves as superior to those
in Babylon and abused the forbearance of God (compare
5. acknowledge--regard with favor, like as thou lookest on the
good figs favorably.
for their good--Their removal to Babylon saved them from the calamities
which befell the rest of the nation and led them to repentance there: so
God bettered their condition
Daniel and Ezekiel were among these captives.
not pull . . . down . . . not pluck . . . up--only partially fulfilled
in the restoration from Babylon; antitypically and fully to be fulfilled
(Jer 32:41; 33:7).
(Jer 30:22; 31:33; 32:38).
Their conversion from idolatry to the one true God, through the
chastening effect of the Babylonish captivity, is here expressed in
language which, in its fulness, applies to the more complete conversion
hereafter of the Jews, "with their whole heart"
through the painful discipline of their present dispersion. The source
of their conversion is here stated to be God's prevenient grace.
for they shall return--Repentance, though not the cause of
pardon, is its invariable accompaniment: it is the effect of God's
giving a heart to know Him.
8. in . . . Egypt--Many Jews had fled for refuge to Egypt, which was
leagued with Judea against Babylon.
9. removed, &c.--
CALVIN translates, "I will give them up to
agitation, in all," &c.; This verse quotes the curse
(De 28:25, 37).
Jer 29:18, 22;
Ps 44:13, 14.