Commentary Critical and Explanatory
on the Whole Bible
1. leave my complaint upon myself--rather, "I will give
loose to my complaint"
2. show me, &c.--Do not, by virtue of Thy mere sovereignty, treat me
as guilty without showing me the reasons.
3. Job is unwilling to think God can have pleasure in using His power
to "oppress" the weak, and to treat man, the work of His own hands, as
of no value
shine upon--favor with prosperity
4-6. Dost Thou see as feebly as man? that is, with the same
uncharitable eye, as, for instance, Job's friends? Is Thy time as
short? Impossible! Yet one might think, from the rapid succession of
Thy strokes, that Thou hadst no time to spare in overwhelming me.
7. "Although Thou (the Omniscient) knowest," &c.
"Thou searchest after my sin."
and . . . that
none that can deliver out of thine hand--Therefore
Thou hast no need to deal with me with the rapid violence which man
would use (see
8. Made--with pains; implying a work of difficulty and art;
applying to God language applicable only to man.
together round about--implying that the human body is a
complete unity, the parts of which on all sides will bear the
9. clay--Job 10:10
proves that the reference here is, not so much to the perishable
nature of the materials, as to their wonderful fashioning by the
10. In the organization of the body from its rude commencements,
the original liquid gradually assumes a more solid consistency, like
milk curdling into cheese
(Ps 139:15, 16).
Science reveals that the chyle circulated by the lacteal vessels is the
supply to every organ.
11. fenced--or "inlaid"
"curiously wrought" [UMBREIT]. In the fœtus the
skin appears first, then the flesh, then the harder parts.
12. visitation--Thy watchful Providence.
13. is with thee--was Thy purpose. All God's dealings with Job in
his creation, preservation, and present afflictions were part of His
14, 15. Job is perplexed because God "marks" every sin of his with
such ceaseless rigor. Whether "wicked" (godless and a hypocrite) or
"righteous" (comparatively sincere), God condemns and punishes alike.
15. lift up my head--in conscious innocence
see thou--rather, "and seeing I see (I too well see) mine
affliction," (which seems to prove me guilty)
16. increaseth--rather, "(if) I lift up (my head) Thou wouldest
hunt me," &c. [UMBREIT].
and again--as if a lion should not kill his prey at once, but come
back and torture it again.
17. witnesses--His accumulated trials were like a succession of
witnesses brought up in proof of his guilt, to wear out the accused.
changes and war--rather, "(thou settest in array) against me host
after host" (literally, "changes and a host," that is, a succession of
hosts); namely, his afflictions, and then reproach upon reproach from
20. But, since I was destined from my birth to these ills, at least
give me a little breathing time during the few days left me
(Job 9:34; 13:21;
22. The ideas of order and light, disorder and darkness, harmonize
Three Hebrew words are used for darkness; in
(1) the common word "darkness"; here (2) "a land of gloom" (from a
Hebrew root, "to cover up"); (3) as "thick darkness" or
blackness (from a root, expressing sunset). "Where the light thereof is
like blackness." Its only sunshine is thick darkness. A bold figure of
poetry. Job in a better frame has brighter thoughts of the unseen
world. But his views at best wanted the definite clearness of the
Christian's. Compare with his words here
Re 21:23; 22:5;