Commentary Critical and Explanatory
on the Whole Bible
BORDERS OF THE
1. the lot of the children of Joseph fell--Hebrew, "went forth,"
referring either to the lot as drawn out of the urn, or to the tract of
land thereby assigned. The first four verses describe the territory
allotted to the family of Joseph in the rich domains of central
Palestine. It was drawn in one lot, that the brethren might be
contiguously situated; but it was afterwards divided. The southern
boundary only is described here; that on the north being irregular and
(Jos 17:10, 11),
is not mentioned.
water of Jericho--
at the joint of its junction with the Jordan.
mount Beth-el--the ridge south of Beth-el. Having described the
position of Joseph's family generally the historian proceeds to define
the territory; first, that of Ephraim.
BORDERS OF THE
5-9. the border of their inheritance . . . was
Ataroth-addar--Ataroth-addar (now Atara), four miles south of Jetta
[ROBINSON], is fixed on as a center, through which a line is drawn from
Upper Beth-horon to Michmethah, showing the western limit of their
actual possessions. The tract beyond that to the sea was still
6, 7. Michmethah on the north side--The northern boundary is traced
from this point eastward to the Jordan.
8. from Tappuah westward unto the river Kanah--It is retraced from
east to west, to describe the prospective and intended boundary, which
was to reach to the sea. Kanah ("reedy") flows into the Mediterranean.
9. separate cities for the children of Ephraim were among the
inheritance of Manasseh--
because it was found that the tract allotted to Ephraim was too small
in proportion to its population and power.
10. they drave not out the Canaanites . . . but the Canaanites dwell
among the Ephraimites unto this day, and serve under tribute--This is
the first mention of the fatal policy of the Israelites, in neglecting
the divine command
to exterminate the idolaters.