Commentary Critical and Explanatory
on the Whole Bible
REPLY--PARABLE OF THE
2. these things--particularly the clearing of the temple.
4. baptism of John--his whole ministry and mission, of which baptism
was the seal.
5. Why then believed ye him not?--that is, in his testimony to Jesus,
the sum of his whole witness.
7. could not tell--crooked, cringing hypocrites! No wonder Jesus gave
you no answer
But what dignity and composure does our Lord display as He turns their
question upon themselves!
9-13. vineyard--(See on
additional points are given, taken literally from
to fix down the application and sustain it by Old Testament authority.
husbandmen--the ordinary spiritual guides of the people, under whose
care and culture the fruits of righteousness might be yielded.
went, &c.--leaving it to the laws of the spiritual husbandry
during the whole length of the Jewish economy. (See on
10. beat, &c.--
that is, the prophets, extraordinary messengers raised up from time to
time. (See on
13. my beloved son--Mark
still more affectingly, "Having yet therefore one son, his
well-beloved"; our Lord thus severing Himself from all merely
human messengers, and claiming Sonship in its loftiest
it may be--"surely"; implying the almost unimaginable guilt of
not doing so.
14. reasoned among themselves--(Compare
the heir--sublime expression of the great truth, that God's inheritance
was destined for, and in due time to come into the possession of, His
Son in our nature
inheritance . . . ours--and so from mere servants we may become
lords; the deep aim of the depraved heart, and literally
"the root of all evil."
15. cast him out of the vineyard--(Compare
16. He shall come, &c.--This answer was given by the Pharisees
thus pronouncing their own righteous doom. Matthew alone
gives the naked application, that "the kingdom of God should be taken
from them, and given to a nation bringing forth the fruits
thereof"--the great evangelical community of the faithful, chiefly
God forbid--His whole meaning now bursting upon them.
Ps 118:22, 23.
The Kingdom of God is here a Temple, in the erection of which a
certain stone, rejected as unsuitable by the spiritual builders,
is, by the great Lord of the House, made the keystone of the whole. On
that Stone the builders were now "falling" and being "broken"
"sustaining great spiritual hurt; but soon that Stone should fall upon
them and grind them to powder"
(Da 2:34, 35;
--in their corporate capacity in the tremendous destruction of
Jerusalem, but personally, as unbelievers, in a more awful sense
19. the same hour--hardly able to restrain their rage.
TRIBUTE AND THE
20-26. sent forth--after consulting
on the best plan.
spies--"of the Pharisees and Herodians"
21. we know, &c.--hoping by flattery to throw Him off His guard.
22. tribute--(See on
25. things which be Cæsar's--Putting it in this general form, it
was impossible for sedition itself to dispute it, and yet it dissolved
and unto God--How much there is in this profound but to them startling
addition to the maxim, and how incomparable is the whole for fulness,
brevity, clearness, weight!
27-34. no resurrection--"nor angel nor spirit"
the materialists of the day.
34. said unto them--In
the reply begins with this important statement:--"Ye do err, not
knowing the Scriptures," regarding the future state, "nor the power of
God," before which a thousand such difficulties vanish (also
36. neither . . . die any more--Marriage is ordained
to perpetuate the human family; but as there will be no breaches by
death in the future state, this ordinance will cease.
unto the angels--that is, in the immortality of their nature.
children of God--not in respect of character but nature;
"being the children of the resurrection" to an undecaying existence
(Ro 8:21, 23).
And thus the children of their Father's immortality
37, 38. even Moses--whom they had just quoted to entangle Him.
38. not . . . of the dead, . . . for all,
&c.--To God, no human being is dead, or ever will be; but all sustain
an abiding conscious relation to Him. But the "all" here meant "those
who shall be accounted worthy to obtain that world." These sustain a
gracious covenant relation to God, which cannot be dissolved. In
this sense our Lord affirms that for Moses to call the Lord the "God"
of His patriarchal servants if at that moment they had no existence,
would be unworthy of Him. He "would be ashamed to be called
their God, if He had not prepared for them a city"
How precious are these glimpses of the resurrection state!
39. scribes . . . well said--enjoying His victory over the Sadducees.
they durst not--neither party, both for the time utterly foiled.
PHARISEES BY A
41. said, &c.--"What think ye of Christ [the promised and expected
Messiah]? Whose son is He
[to be]? They say unto Him, The son of David.
He saith unto them, How then doth David in spirit [by the Holy Ghost,
call Him Lord?"
(Mt 22:42, 43).
The difficulty can only be solved by the higher and
lower--the divine and human natures of our Lord
Mark the testimony here given to the inspiration of the Old
46, 47. Beware, &c.--(See on
47. devour, &c.--taking advantage of their helpless condition and
confiding character, to obtain possession of their property, while by
their "long prayers" they made them believe they were raised far above
"filthy lucre." So much "the greater damnation" awaits them. What a
lifelike description of the Romish clergy, the true successors of "the