Commentary Critical and Explanatory
on the Whole Bible
ANNOUNCEMENT TO THE
WOMEN ON THE
DAY OF THE
Mt 28:1-10, 16-20;
Joh 20:1, 2, 11-29).
The Resurrection Announced to the Women
1. And when the sabbath was past--that is, at sunset of our
Mary Magdalene--(See on
and Mary the mother of James--James the Less (see
and Salome--the mother of Zebedee's sons (compare
with Mt 27:56).
had bought sweet spices, that they might come and anoint him--The
word is simply "bought." But our translators are perhaps right in
rendering it here "had bought," since it would appear, from
that they had purchased them immediately after the Crucifixion, on the
Friday evening, during the short interval that remained to them
before sunset, when the sabbath rest began; and that they had only
deferred using them to anoint the body till the sabbath rest should be
over. On this "anointing," see on
2. And very early in the morning--(See on
the first day of the week, they came unto the sepulchre at the rising
of the sun--not quite literally, but "at earliest dawn"; according to
a way of speaking not uncommon, and occurring sometimes in the Old
Testament. Thus our Lord rose on the third day; having lain in the
grave part of Friday, the whole of Saturday, and part of the following
3. And they said among themselves--as they were approaching the sacred
Who shall roll us away the stone from the door of the sepulchre?
. . . for it was very great--On reaching it they find their difficulty
gone--the stone already rolled away by an unseen hand.
And are there no others who, when advancing to duty in the face of appalling difficulties, find their stone also rolled away?
5. And entering into the sepulchre, they saw a young man--In
he is called "the angel of the Lord"; but here he is described as he
appeared to the eye, in the bloom of a life that knows no decay. In
Matthew he is represented as sitting on the stone outside the
sepulchre; but since even there he says, "Come, see the place where
the Lord lay"
he seems, as ALFORD says, to have gone in with
them from without; only awaiting their arrival to accompany them into
the hallowed spot, and instruct them about it.
sitting on the right side--having respect to the position in which
His Lord had lain there. This trait is peculiar to Mark; but compare
clothed in a long white garment--On its length, see
and on its whiteness, see on
and they were affrighted.
6. And he saith unto them, Be not affrighted--a stronger word than "Fear
not" in Matthew
Ye seek Jesus of Nazareth, which was crucified!--"the Nazarene, the
he is risen; he is not here--(See on
Lu 24:5, 6).
behold the place where they laid him--(See on
7. But go your way, tell his disciples and Peter--This Second Gospel,
being drawn up--as all the earliest tradition
states--under the eye of Peter, or from materials chiefly furnished by
him, there is something deeply affecting in the preservation of this
little clause by Mark alone.
that he goeth before you into Galilee; there shall ye see him, as he
said unto you--(See on
8. And they went out quickly, and fled from the sepulchre: for they
trembled and were amazed--"for tremor and amazement seized them."
neither said they anything to any man; for they were afraid--How
intensely natural and simple is this!
Appearances of Jesus after His Resurrection
9. Now when Jesus was risen early the first day of the week, he
appeared first to Mary Magdalene, out of whom he had cast seven
devils--There is some difficulty here, and different ways of removing
it have been adopted. She had gone with the other women to the sepulchre
parting from them, perhaps, before their interview with the angel, and
on finding Peter and John she had come with them back to the spot; and
it was at this second visit, it would seem, that Jesus appeared to this
Mary, as detailed in
To a woman was this honor given to be the first that saw the risen
Redeemer, and that woman was NOT his
11. And they, when they had heard that he was alive, and had been
seen of her, believed not--This, which is once and again repeated
of them all, is most important in its bearing on their subsequent
testimony to His resurrection at the risk of life itself.
12. After that he appeared in another form--(compare
unto two of them as they walked, and went into the country--The
reference here, of course, is to His manifestation to the two disciples
going to Emmaus, so exquisitely told by the Third Evangelist (see on
13. And they went and told it unto the residue: neither believed
they them, &c.
15. And he said unto them, Go ye into all the world, and preach the
Gospel to every creature--See on
16. He that believeth and is baptized--Baptism is here put for the
external signature of the inner faith of the heart, just as "confessing
with the mouth" is in
and there also as here this outward manifestation, once
mentioned as the proper fruit of faith, is not repeated in what follows
shall be saved; but he that believeth not shall be damned--These
awful issues of the reception or rejection of the Gospel, though often
recorded in other connections, are given in this connection only by
17, 18. And these signs shall follow them that believe
. . . They shall take up serpents--These two verses also
are peculiar to Mark.
The Ascension and Triumphant Proclamation of the Gospel
(Mr 16:19, 20).
19. So then after the Lord--an epithet applied to Jesus by this
Evangelist only in
Mr 16:19, 20,
when He comes to His glorious Ascension and its subsequent fruits. It
is most frequent in Luke.
had spoken unto them, he was received up into heaven--See on
Lu 24:50, 51.
and sat on the right hand of God--This great truth is here only
related as a fact in the Gospel history. In that exalted attitude He
appeared to Stephen
(Ac 7:55, 56);
and it is thereafter perpetually referred to as His proper condition in
20. And they went forth, and preached everywhere, the Lord working with
them, and confirming the word with signs following. Amen--We have in
this closing verse a most important link of connection with the Acts of
the Apostles, where He who directed all the movements of the infant
Church is perpetually styled "THE
LORD"; thus illustrating His own
promise for the rounding and building up of the Church,
I AM WITH