Commentary Critical and Explanatory
on the Whole Bible
OFFERING AT THE
1. in the seventh month--of the ecclesiastical year, but the first
month of the civil year, corresponding to our September. It was, in
fact, the New Year's Day, which had been celebrated among the Hebrews
and other contemporary nations with great festivity and joy and ushered
in by a flourish of trumpets. This ordinance was designed to give a
religious character to the occasion by associating it with some solemn
it is a day of blowing the trumpets unto you--This made it a solemn
preparation for the sacred feasts--a greater number of which were held
during this month than at any other season of the year. Although the
institution of this feast was described before, there is more
particularity here as to what the burnt offering should consist of;
and, in addition to it, a sin offering is prescribed. The special
offerings, appointed for certain days, were not to interfere with the
offerings usually requisite on these days, for in
it is said that the daily offerings, as well as those for the first day
of the month, were to take place in their ordinary course.
7-11. ye shall have on the tenth day of this seventh month an holy
convocation--This was the great day of atonement. Its institution,
together with the observance to which that day was devoted, was
(Le 16:29, 30).
But additional offerings seem to be noticed, namely, the large animal
sacrifice for a general expiation, which was a sweet savor unto the
Lord, and the sin offering to atone for the sins that mingled with that
day's services. The prescriptions in this passage appear supplementary
to the former statement in Leviticus.
12-34. on the fifteenth day--was to be held the feast of booths or
Le 23:34, 35).
The feast was to last seven days, the first and last of which were to
be kept as Sabbaths, and a particular offering was prescribed for each
day, the details of which are given with a minuteness suited to the
infant state of the church. Two things are deserving of notice: First,
that this feast was distinguished by a greater amount and variety of
sacrifices than any other--partly because, occurring at the end of the
year, it might be intended to supply any past deficiencies--partly
because, being immediately after the ingathering of the fruits, it
ought to be a liberal acknowledgment--and partly, perhaps, because God
consulted the weakness of mankind, who naturally grow weary both of the
charge and labor of such services when they are long-continued, and
made them every day less toilsome and expensive [PATRICK]. Secondly, it will be remarked that the
sacrifices varied in a progressive ratio of decrease every day.
18. after the manner--according to the ritual order appointed by
divine authority--that for meat offerings
and drink offerings
(Nu 28:7, 14).
35-40. On the eighth day ye shall have a solemn assembly--The feast
of tabernacles was brought to a close on the eighth day, which was the
Besides the common routine sacrifices, there were special offerings
appointed for that day though these were fewer than on any of the
preceding days; and there were also, as was natural on that occasion
when vast multitudes were convened for a solemn religious purpose, many
spontaneous gifts and services, so that there was full scope for the
exercise of a devout spirit in the people, both for their obedience to
the statutory offerings, and by the presentation of those which were
made by free will or in consequence of vows.
39. These things ye shall do unto the Lord in your set feasts--From
the statements made in this and the preceding chapter, it appears that
the yearly offerings made to the altar at the public expense, without
taking into account a vast number of voluntary vow and trespass
offerings, were calculated at the following amount:--goats, fifteen;
kids, twenty-one; rams, seventy-two; bullocks, one hundred thirty-two;
lambs, 1,101; sum-total of animals sacrificed at public cost, 1,241.
This, of course, is exclusive of the prodigious addition of lambs slain
at the passover, which in later times, according to
in a single year to the immense number of 255,600.