Commentary Critical and Explanatory
on the Whole Bible
After admonitions against suretyship and sloth (compare
the character and fate of the wicked generally are set forth, and the
resumes the warnings against incontinence, pointing out its certain and
terrible results. This train of thought seems to intimate the kindred
of these vices.
1, 2. if--The condition extends through both verses.
be surety--art pledged.
stricken . . . hand--bargained (compare
with a stranger--that is, for a friend (compare
Pr 11:15; 17:18).
3. come . . . friend--in his power.
humble . . . sure thy friend--urge as a suppliant; that is, induce the
friend to provide otherwise for his debt, or secure the surety.
4, 5. The danger requires promptness.
6-8. The improvident sluggards usually want sureties. Hence, such are
advised to industry by the ant's example.
9, 10. Their conduct graphically described;
11. and the fruits of their self-indulgence and indolence presented.
as . . . travelleth--literally, "one who walks
backwards and forwards," that is, a highwayman.
armed man--that is, one prepared to destroy.
12. A naughty person--literally, "A man of Belial," or of
worthlessness, that is, for good, and so depraved, or wicked (compare
1Sa 25:25; 30:22,
&c.). Idleness and vice are allied. Though indolent in acts, he
actively and habitually (walketh) is ill-natured in speech
13, 14. If, for fear of detection, he does not speak, he uses signs
to carry on his intrigues. These signs are still so used in the East.
14. Frowardness--as in
deviseth--literally, "constructs, as an artisan."
mischief--evil to others.
discord--especially litigation. Cunning is the talent of the weak and
15. Suddenness aggravates evil (compare
Pr 6:11; 29:1).
calamity--literally, "a crushing weight."
broken--shivered as a potter's vessel; utterly destroyed
16-19. six . . . seven--a mode of speaking to arrest attention
(Pr 30:15, 18;
17. proud look--literally, "eyes of loftiness"
Eyes, tongue, &c., for persons.
19. speaketh--literally, "breathes out," habitually speaks
Pr 1:8; 3:3,
denotes the instruction of parents
to which all the qualities of a safe guide and guard and ready teacher
are ascribed. It prevents the ingress of evil by supplying good
thoughts, even in dreams
the convictions of error produced by instruction.
24. A specimen of its benefit. By appreciating truth, men are not
affected by lying flattery.
25. One of the cautions of this instruction, avoid alluring beauty.
eyelids--By painting the lashes, women enhanced beauty.
26. The supplied words give a better sense than the old version: "The
price of a whore is a piece of bread."
adulteress--(Compare Margin), which the parallel and context
sustain. Of similar results of this sin, compare
will hunt--alluding to the snares spread by harlots (compare
precious life--more valuable than all else.
27-29. The guilt and danger most obvious.
30, 31. Such a thief is pitied, though heavily punished.
for many, ample (compare
even if all his wealth is taken.
32. lacketh understanding--or, "heart"; destitute of moral principle
33. dishonour--or, "shame," as well as hurt of body
reproach . . . away--No restitution will suffice;
34, 35. nor any terms of reconciliation be admitted.
regard--or, "accept" any ransom.