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Commentary Critical and Explanatory
on the Whole Bible

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CHAPTER 28

      Pr 28:1-28.

      1. A bad conscience makes men timid; the righteous are alone truly bold (Pr 14:26; Ps 27:1).

      2. Anarchy producing contending rulers shortens the reign of each.
      but by a man . . . prolonged--or, "by a man of understanding--that is, a good ruler--he who knows or regards the right, that is, a good citizen, shall prolong (his days)." Good rulers are a blessing to the people. Bad government as a punishment for evil is contrasted with good as blessing to the good.

      3. A poor man, &c.--Such, in power, exact more severely, and so leave subjects bare.

      4. They that forsake . . . wicked--Wrongdoers encourage one another.

      5. (Compare Joh 7:17). Ignorance of moral truth is due to unwillingness to know it.

      6. (Compare Pr 10:6). Riches cannot compensate for sin, nor the want of them affect integrity.

      7. (Compare Pr 17:25).
      riotous men--or, "gluttons" (Pr 23:20, 21).

      8. usury . . . unjust gain--(Compare Margin). The two terms, meaning nearly the same, may denote excessive interest. God's providence directs the proper use of wealth.

      9. (Compare Pr 15:8; 21:27).
      hearing--that is, obeying. God requires sincere worshippers (Ps 66:18; Joh 4:24).

      10. (Compare Pr 26:27).

      11. A poor but wise man can discover (and expose) the rich and self-conceited.

      12. great glory--or, cause for it to a people, for the righteous rejoice in good, and righteousness exalts a nation (Pr 14:34).
      a man . . . hidden--that is, the good retire, or all kinds try to escape a wicked rule.

      13. (Compare Ps 32:3-5). Concealment of sin delivers none from God's wrath, but He shows mercy to the humble penitent (Ps 51:4).

      14. feareth--that is, God, and so repents.
      hardeneth his heart--makes himself insensible to sin, and so will not repent (Pr 14:16; 29:1).

      15. The rapacity and cruelty of such beasts well represent some wicked men (compare Ps 7:2; 17:12).

      16. The prince . . . understanding--that is, He does not perceive that oppression jeopards his success. Covetousness often produces oppression, hence the contrast.

      17. doeth violence . . . blood, &c.--or, that is oppressed by the blood of life (Ge 9:6), which he has taken.
      to the pit--the grave or destruction (Pr 1:12; Job 33:18-24; Ps 143:7).
      stay him--sustain or deliver him.

      18. (Compare Pr 10:9; 17:20). Double dealing is eventually fatal.

      19. (Compare Pr 10:4; 20:4).
      vain persons--idle, useless drones, implying that they are also wicked (Pr 12:11; Ps 26:4).

      20. maketh haste . . . rich--implying deceit or fraud (Pr 20:21), and so opposed to "faithful" or reliable.

      21. respect of persons-- (Pr 24:23). Such are led to evil by the slightest motive.

      22. (Compare Pr 28:20).
      evil eye--in the general sense of Pr 23:6, here more specific for covetousness (compare Pr 22:9; Mt 20:15).
      poverty . . . him--by God's providence.

      23. (Compare Pr 9:8, 9; 27:5). Those benefited by reproof will love their monitors.

      24. (Compare Mt 15:4-6). Such, though heirs, are virtually thieves, to be ranked with highwaymen.

      25. of a proud heart--literally, "puffed up of soul"--that is, self-confident, and hence overbearing and litigious.
      made fat--or, "prosperous" (Pr 11:25; 16:20).

      26. (Compare Pr 3:6-8).
      walketh wisely--that is, trusting in God (Pr 22:17-19).

      27. (Compare Pr 11:24-26).
      hideth his eyes--as the face (Ps 27:9; 69:17), denotes inattention.

      28. The elevation of the wicked to power drives men to seek refuge from tyranny (compare Pr 28:12; 11:10; Ps 12:8).


Copyright Statement
These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.

This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.

Bibliography Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D. "Commentary on Proverbs 28". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory
on the Whole Bible". <http://classic.studylight.org/com/jfb/view.cgi?book=pr&chapter=028>. 1871.  

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