Commentary Critical and Explanatory
on the Whole Bible
For the historical occasion mentioned, compare
David, in the midst of great distress, with filial confidence, implores
God's aid, and, anticipating relief, offers praise.
1. Lord . . . increased--The extent of the rebellion
surprises and grieves him.
2. say of my soul--that is, "of me" (compare
This use of "soul" is common; perhaps it arose from regarding the soul
as man's chief part.
no help . . . in God--rejected by Him. This is the bitterest reproach
for a pious man, and denotes a spirit of malignant triumph.
Selah--This word is of very obscure meaning. It probably denotes
rest or pause, both as to the music and singing, intimating
something emphatic in the sentiment (compare
3. But--literally, "and"
He repels the reproach by avowing his continued trust.
shield--a favorite and often-used figure for protection.
my glory--its source.
lifter up of mine head--one who raises me from despondency.
4. cried . . . heard--Such has been my experience. The latter verb
denotes a gracious hearing or answering.
out of--or, "from."
his holy hill--Zion
His visible earthly residence.
5. the Lord sustained me--literally, "will sustain me," as if
his language or thought when he laid down, and the reason of his
6. ten thousands of people--or, "myriads," any very great number
7. Arise, O Lord--God is figuratively represented as asleep to
denote His apparent indifference
The use of "cheekbone" and "teeth" represents his enemies
as fierce, like wild beasts ready to devour
and smiting their cheekbone
denotes violence and insult.
thou hast broken--God took his part, utterly depriving the enemy of
power to injure.
8. An ascription of praise to a delivering God, whose favor is an