Commentary Critical and Explanatory
on the Whole Bible
The Psalmist mourns God's apparent indifference to his troubles, which
are aggravated by the successful malice, blasphemy, pride, deceit, and
profanity of the wicked. On the just and discriminating providence of
God he relies for the destruction of their false security, and the
defense of the needy.
1. These are, of course, figurative terms (compare
Ps 7:6; 13:1,
hidest--Supply "thine eyes" or "face."
2. Literally, "In pride of the wicked they (the poor or humble,
Ps 10:17; 12:5)
shall be taken in the devices they (the proud) have imagined."
3. heart's--or, "soul's."
desire--that is, his success in evil.
and blesseth, &c.--he (the wicked) blesseth the covetous, he
despiseth the Lord.
4. The face expresses the self-conceit, whose fruit is practical
5, 6. Such is his confidence in the permanence of his way or course
of life, that he disregards God's providential government
(out of sight, because he will not look,
sneers at his enemies, and boasts perpetual freedom from evil.
7-10. The malignity and deceit
of such are followed by acts combining cunning, fraud, and violence
Pr 1:11, 18),
aptly illustrated by the habits of the lion, and of hunters taking
their prey. "Poor," in
Ps 10:8, 10, 14,
represents a word peculiar to this Psalm, meaning the sad or sorrowful;
as usual, it means the pious or meek sufferer.
8. eyes . . . privily--He watches with half-closed eyes, appearing
not to see.
10. croucheth--as a lion gathers himself into as small compass as
possible to make the greater spring.
fall by his strong ones--The figure of the lion is dropped, and this
phrase means the accomplices of the chief or leading wicked man.
11. As before, such conduct implies disbelief or disregard of God's
Ps 9:19; 3:7).
lift up thine hand--exert thy power.
13, 14. It is in vain to suppose God will overlook sin, however
forbearing; for He carefully examines or beholds all wickedness, and
will mark it by His providential (Thine hand) punishment.
14. mischief and spite--provocation and trouble of the sufferer
Ps 6:7; 7:14).
committeth--or, "leaves (his burden) on Thee."
till thou find none--So far from not requiting
(Ps 10:11, 13),
God will utterly destroy the wicked and his deeds
(Ps 9:5, 6; 34:16; 37:36).
16-18. God reigns. The wicked, if for a time successful, shall be
cut off. He hears and confirms the hearts of His suffering people
executes justice for the feeble, and represses the pride and violence
of conceited, though frail, men (compare