Commentary Critical and Explanatory
on the Whole Bible
On title, see
Alluding to some event in his history, as in
the Psalmist avows his confidence in God, when admonished to flee from
his raging persecutors, whose destruction of the usual foundations of
safety rendered all his efforts useless. The grounds of his confidence
are God's supreme dominion, His watchful care of His people, His hatred
to the wicked and judgments on them, and His love for righteousness and
1. my soul--me
Flee--literally, "flee ye"; that is, he and his companion.
as a bird to your mountain--having as such no safety but in flight
2. privily--literally, "in darkness," treacherously.
3. Literally, "The foundations (that is, of good order and law) will be
destroyed, what has the righteous done (to sustain them)?" All his
efforts have failed.
4. temple . . . heaven--The connection seems to denote God's heavenly
residence; the term used is taken from the place of His visible earthly
(Ps 2:6; 3:4; 5:7).
Thence He inspects men with close scrutiny.
5. The trial of the righteous results in their approval, as it is
contrasted with God's hatred to the wicked.
6. Their punishment is described by vivid figures denoting abundant,
sudden, furious, and utter destruction (compare
cup--is a frequent figure for God's favor or wrath
(Ps 16:5; 23:5;
Mt 20:22, 23).
7. his countenance--literally, "their faces," a use of the plural
applied to God, as in
Ge 1:26; 3:22; 11:7;
&c., denoting the fulness of His perfections, or more probably
originating in a reference to the trinity of persons. "Faces" is used
expressing here God's complacency towards the upright (compare
Ps 34:15, 16).