Commentary Critical and Explanatory
on the Whole Bible
title). The writer describes the desirableness of God's worship and
prays for a restoration to its privileges.
1. amiable--not lovely, but beloved.
2. longeth--most intensely
fainteth--exhausted with desire.
--the whole building.
crieth out--literally, "sings for joy"; but here, and
expresses an act of sorrow as the corresponding noun
(Ps 17:1; 61:2).
heart and . . . flesh--as in
3. thine altars--that is, of burnt offering and incense, used for the
whole tabernacle. Its structure afforded facilities for sparrows and
swallows to indulge their known predilections for such places. Some
understand the statement as to the birds as a comparison: "as they find
homes, so do I desire thine altars," &c.
4. This view is favored by the language here, which, as in
Ps 15:1; 23:6,
recognizes the blessing of membership in God's family by terms denoting
a dwelling in His house.
in whose heart . . . the ways--that is, who knows and loves the way
to God's favor
Isa 40:3, 4).
6. valley of Baca--or, "weeping." Through such, by reason of their dry
and barren condition, the worshippers often had to pass to Jerusalem. As
they might become wells, or fountains, or pools, supplied by refreshing
rain, so the grace of God, by the exercises of His worship, refreshes
and revives the hearts of His people, so that for sorrows they have
"rivers of delight"
(Ps 36:8; 46:4).
7. The figure of the pilgrim is carried out. As such daily refit their
bodily strength till they reach Jerusalem, so the spiritual worshipper
is daily supplied with spiritual strength by God's grace till he appears
before God in heaven.
appeareth . . . God--the terms of the requisition for the attendance
on the feasts (compare
9. God is addressed as a shield (compare
10. I had . . . doorkeeper--literally, "I choose to sit on the
threshold," the meanest place.
11, 12. As a sun God enlightens
as a shield He protects.
grace--God's favor, its fruit--
glory--the honor He bestows.
(Ps 15:2; 18:23).
12. that trusteth--constantly.