Commentary Critical and Explanatory
on the Whole Bible
The writer complains of his virulent enemies, on whom he imprecates
God's righteous punishment, and to a prayer for a divine interposition
in his behalf appends the expression of his confidence and a promise of
his praises. This Psalm is remarkable for the number and severity of its
imprecations. Its evident typical character (compare
justifies the explanation of these already given, that as the language
of David respecting his own enemies, or those of Christ, it has respect
not to the penitent, but to the impenitent and implacable foes of good
men, and of God and His cause, whose inevitable fate is thus indicated
by inspired authority.
1. God of my praise--its object, thus recognizing God as a certain
helper. Be not silent (compare
Ps 17:13; 28:1).
2. For the mouth . . . opened--or, "They have opened a wicked mouth"
against me--literally, "with me," that is, Their intercourse is lying,
or, they slander me to my face
Ps 35:7; 69:4).
4, 5. They return evil for good (compare
I give myself unto prayer--or literally, "I (am) prayer," or, "as for
me, prayer," that is, it is my resource for comfort in distress.
6. over him--one of his enemies prominent in malignity
let Satan stand--as an accuser, whose place was the right hand of the
(Zec 3:1, 2).
7. The condemnation is aggravated when prayer for relief is treated as
8. The opposite blessing is long life
The last clause is quoted as to Judas by Peter
office--literally, "charge," Septuagint, and Peter, "oversight"
9, 10. Let his family share the punishment, his children be as
wandering beggars to prowl in their desolate homes, a greedy and
relentless creditor grasp his substance, his labor, or the fruit of it,
enure to strangers and not his heirs, and his unprotected, fatherless
children fall in want, so that his posterity shall utterly fail.
13. posterity--literally, "end," as in
or, what comes after; that is, reward, or success, or its expectation,
of which posterity was to a Jew a prominent part.
14, 15. Let the iniquity of his fathers be remembered, &c.--Added to
the terrible overthrow following his own sin, let there be the
imputation of his parents' guilt, that it may now come before God, for
His meting out its full consequences, in cutting off the memory of them
(that is, the parents) from the earth
16. Let God remember guilt, because he (the wicked) did not remember
poor and needy . . . broken in heart--that is, pious sufferer
(Ps 34:18; 35:10; 40:17).
17-19. Let his loved sin, cursing, come upon him in punishment
thoroughly fill him as water and oil, permeating to every part of his
and become a garment and a girdle for a perpetual dress.
20. Let this . . . reward--or, "wages," pay for labor, the fruit of the
from the Lord--as His judicial act.
21, 22. do . . . for me--that is, kindness.
(Ps 69:16, 29).
23. like the shadow--(Compare
tossed up and down--or, "driven"
24, 25. Taunts and reproaches aggravate his afflicted and feeble state
(Ps 22:6, 7).
26, 27. Let my deliverance glorify Thee (compare
28-31. In confidence that God's blessing would come on him, and
confusion and shame on his enemies
he ceases to regard their curses, and anticipates a season of joyful
and public thanksgiving; for God is near to protect
(Ps 16:8; 34:6)
the poor from all unrighteous judges who may condemn him.