Commentary Critical and Explanatory
on the Whole Bible
After invoking others to unite in praise, the writer celebrates God's
protecting and delivering care towards him, and then represents himself
and the people of God as entering the sanctuary and uniting in solemn
praise, with prayer for a continued blessing. Whether composed by David
on his accession to power, or by some later writer in memory of the
restoration from Babylon, its tone is joyful and trusting, and, in
describing the fortune and destiny of the Jewish Church and its visible
head, it is typically prophetical of the Christian Church and her
greater and invisible Head.
1-4. The trine repetitions are emphatic (compare
Ps 118:10-12, 15, 16; 115:12, 13).
Let . . . say--Oh! that Israel may say.
Ps 118:3, 4.
After "now say" supply "give thanks."
that his mercy--or, "for His mercy."
5. distress--literally, "straits," to which "large place" corresponds,
Ps 4:1; 31:8.
6, 7. Men are helpless to hurt him, if God be with him
and, if enemies, they will be vanquished
8, 9. Even the most powerful men are less to be trusted than God.
10-12. Though as numerous and irritating as bees
by God's help his enemies would be destroyed.
12. as the fire of thorns--suddenly.
in the name, &c.--by the power
(Ps 20:5; 124:8).
13-16. The enemy is triumphantly addressed as if present.
15. rejoicing and salvation--the latter as cause of the former.
16. right hand . . . is exalted--His power greatly exerted.
17, 18. He would live, because confident his life would be for God's
19-21. Whether an actual or figurative entrance into God's house be
meant, the purpose of solemn praise is intimated, in which only the
righteous would or could engage.
22, 23. These words are applied by Christ
to Himself, as the foundation of the Church (compare
1Pe 2:4, 7).
It may here denote God's wondrous exaltation to power and influence of
him whom the rulers of the nation despised. Whether (see on
David or Zerubbabel (compare
be primarily meant, there is here typically represented God's more
wonderful doings in exalting Christ, crucified as an impostor, to be
the Prince and Saviour and Head of His Church.
24. This is the day--or period distinguished by God's favor of all
25. Save now--Hebrew, "Hosanna"
&c., as to now) a form of prayer
since, in our use, of praise.
26. he that cometh . . . Lord--As above intimated, this may be applied
to the visible head of the Jewish Church entering the sanctuary, as
leading the procession; typically it belongs to Him of whom the phrase
became an epithet
27-29. showed us light--or favor
(Ps 27:1; 97:11).
With the sacrificial victim brought bound to the altar is united the
more spiritual offering of praise
(Ps 50:14, 23),
expressed in the terms with which the Psalm opened.