Commentary Critical and Explanatory
on the Whole Bible
God honors the confidence of His people, by protection and deliverance,
and leaves hypocrites to the doom of the wicked.
1, 2. Mount Zion--as an emblem of permanence, and locality of Jerusalem
as one of security, represent the firm and protected condition of God's
supported not only by Providence, but by covenant promise. Even the
mountains shall depart, and the hills be removed, but God's kindness
shall not depart, nor His covenant of peace be removed
They that trust--are "His people,"
3. Though God may leave them for a time under the "rod," or power
and oppression of the wicked for a time, as a chastisement, He will not
suffer them to be tempted so as to fall into sin
The wicked shall only prove a correcting rod to them, not a destroying
sword; even this rod shall not remain ("rest") on them, lest
they be tempted to despair and apostasy
(Ps 73:13, 14).
God may even try His people to the uttermost: when nothing is before our
eyes but pure despair, then He delivers us and gives life in death, and
makes us blessed in the curse
(2Co 1:8, 9)
the lot--the possession, literally, "Canaan," spiritually, the heavenly
inheritance of holiness and bliss which is appointed to the righteous.
Sin's dominion shall not permanently come between the believer and his
Ps 7:10; 84:11).
5. Those who turn aside (under temptation) permanently show that
they are hypocrites, and their lot or portion shall be with the wicked
Mal 2:8, 9).
their--is emphatic; the "crooked ways" proceed from their own hearts. The true Israel is here distinguished from the false. Scripture
everywhere opposes the Jewish delusion that mere outward descent would
(Ro 2:28, 29; 9:6, 7;
The byways of sin from the way of life.