Commentary Critical and Explanatory
on the Whole Bible
The writer, perhaps Solomon (compare
Ps 132:8, 9),
after relating David's pious zeal for God's service, pleads for the
fulfilment of the promise
which, providing for a perpetuation of David's kingdom, involved that
of God's right worship and the establishment of the greater and
spiritual kingdom of David's greater Son. Of Him and His kingdom both
the temple and its worship, and the kings and kingdom of Judah, were
types. The congruity of such a topic with the tenor of this series of
Psalms is obvious.
1-5. This vow is not elsewhere recorded. It expresses, in strong
language, David's intense desire to see the establishment of God's
worship as well as of His kingdom.
remember David--literally, "remember for David," that is, all his
troubles and anxieties on the matter.
5. habitation--literally, "dwellings," generally used to denote the
6. These may be the "words of David" and his pious friends, who,
at Ephratah--or Beth-lehem
where he once lived, may have heard of the ark, which he found for the
in the fields of the wood--or, Jair, or Kirjath-jearim
("City of woods")
2Sa 6:3, 4),
whence it was brought to Zion.
7. The purpose of engaging in God's worship is avowed.
8, 9. The solemn entry of the ark, symbolical of God's presence and
power, with the attending priests, into the sanctuary, is proclaimed in
the words used by Solomon
10-12. For thy servant David's sake--that is, On account of the promise
made to him.
turn . . . anointed--Repulse not him who, as David's descendant, pleads
the promise to perpetuate his royal line. After reciting the promise,
&c.), an additional plea,
13. is made on the ground of God's choice of Zion (here used for
Jerusalem) as His dwelling, inasmuch as the prosperity of the kingdom
was connected with that of the Church
(Ps 122:8, 9).
14-18. That choice is expressed in God's words, "I will sit" or
"dwell," or sit enthroned. The joy of the people springs from the
blessings of His grace, conferred through the medium of the priesthood.
17. make the horn . . . to bud--enlarge his power.
a lamp--the figure of prosperity
(Ps 18:10, 28; 89:17).
With the confounding of his enemies is united his prosperity and the
unceasing splendor of his crown.