Commentary Critical and Explanatory
on the Whole Bible
Maschil--literally, "giving instruction." The Psalmist describes
the blessings of His forgiveness, succeeding the pains of conviction,
and deduces from his own experience instruction and exhortation to
1, 2. (Compare
forgiven--literally, "taken away," opposed to retain
covered--so that God no longer regards the sin
2. imputeth--charge to him, and treat him accordingly.
no guile--or, deceit, no false estimate of himself, nor
insincerity before God (compare
3, 4. A vivid description of felt, but unacknowledged, sin.
When--literally, "for," as in
4. thy hand--of God, or power in distressing him
moisture--vital juices of the body, the parching heat of which
expresses the anguish of the soul. On the other figures, compare
Ps 6:2, 7; 31:9-11.
If composed on the occasion of the
this distress may have been protracted for several months.
5. A prompt fulfilment of the purposed confession is followed by a
6. For this--that is, my happy experience.
godly--pious in the sense of
when God's Spirit inclines us to seek pardon, He is ready to forgive.
floods, &c.--denotes great danger
(Ps 18:17; 66:12).
7. His experience illustrates the statement of
8. Whether, as most likely, the language of David (compare
or that of God, this is a promise of divine guidance.
I will . . . mine eye--or, My eye shall be on thee, watching and
directing thy way.
9. The latter clause, more literally,
"in that they come not near thee"; that is, because they will
not come, &c., unless forced by bit and bridle.
10. The sorrows of the impenitent contrasted with the peace and
safety secured by God's mercy.
11. The righteous and upright, or those conforming to the divine
teaching for securing the divine blessing, may well rejoice with