Commentary Critical and Explanatory
on the Whole Bible
Upon Nehiloth--flutes or wind instruments. The writer begs to be
heard, on the ground of God's regard for His covenant-people and true
worshippers as contrasted with His holy hatred to the wicked. He prays
for divine guidance, on account of his watchful, malignant, and
deceitful enemies; and for their destruction as being also God's
enemies. At the same time he expresses his confidence that God will
extend aid to His people.
1. meditation--moanings of that half-uttered form to which deep
feeling gives rise--groanings, as in
Ro 8:26, 27.
2. Hearken--incline the ear
--give close attention.
my cry--that is, for help
my King--thus by covenant relation interested in my cause.
3. direct--literally, "set in order," as the showbread was placed
or set in order
4. For, &c.--God only regards sincere worshippers.
evil--or, "the evil man."
dwell--lodge, remain under protection.
5. foolish--vainglorious and insolent.
iniquity--especially such as denotes a negation, or defect, that
is, of moral principle.
6. leasing--a lie.
the bloody . . . man--literally, "man of blood"--murderer.
7. But--as in
temple--literally, "palace," applied to God's residence, the Holy
the inner part of the tabernacle.
toward--not in; the high priest alone was allowed to enter.
8. enemies--literally, "watchers"
hence special need of guidance.
in thy righteousness--an attribute implying faithfulness in promises
as well as threatenings.
make thy way straight--that is, make the way of providence plain.
9. The wicked are not reliable because by nature they are full of
wickedness, or literally, "wickednesses," of every kind
sepulchre--a dwelling-place of corruption, emitting moral putridness.
flatter--or, "make smooth."
their tongue--speaks deceitfully.
10. Destroy--or, "condemn" them to destruction as guilty.
11. defendest--(compare Margin).
love thy name--Thy manifested perfections
12. with favour--or, "acceptance," alluding to the favor shown to an
acceptable offering and worshipper
(Le 7:18; 19:7).