Commentary Critical and Explanatory
on the Whole Bible
For, or literally, "of Solomon." The closing verse rather relates to
the second book of Psalms, of which this is the last, and was perhaps
added by some collector, to intimate that the collection, to which, as
chief author, David's name was appended, was closed. In this view,
these may consistently be the productions of others included, as of
Asaph, sons of Korah, and Solomon; and a few of David's may be placed
in the latter series. The fact that here the usual mode of denoting
authorship is used, is strongly conclusive that Solomon was the author,
especially as no stronger objection appears than what has been now set
aside. The Psalm, in highly wrought figurative style, describes the
reign of a king as "righteous, universal, beneficent, and perpetual."
By the older Jewish and most modern Christian interpreters, it has been
referred to Christ, whose reign, present and prospective, alone
corresponds with its statements. As the imagery of the second Psalm was
drawn from the martial character of David's reign, that of this is from
the peaceful and prosperous state of Solomon's.
1. Give the king, &c.--a prayer which is equivalent to a prediction.
judgments--the acts, and (figuratively) the principles of a right
(Joh 5:22; 9:39).
righteousness--qualifications for conducting such a government.
king's son--same person as a king--a very proper title for Christ,
as such in both natures.
2, &c. The effects of such a government by one thus endowed are
thy people . . . and thy poor--or, "meek," the pious subjects of his
3. As mountains and hills are not usually productive, they
are here selected to show the abundance of peace, being represented as
bringing--or, literally, "bearing" it as a produce.
by righteousness--that is, by means of his eminently just and good
methods of ruling.
4. That peace, including prosperity, as an eminent characteristic
of Christ's reign
Isa 9:6; 11:9),
will be illustrated in the security provided for the helpless and
needy, and the punishment inflicted on oppressors, whose power to
injure or mar the peace of others will be destroyed (compare
children of the needy--for the needy (compare sons of strangers,
5. as long as . . . endure--literally, "with the sun," coeval with
its existence, and before, or, in presence of the moon, while it
"before Terah," literally, "in presence of," while he lived).
6. A beautiful figure expresses the grateful nature of His
7, and, carrying out the figure, the results are described in an
the righteous--literally, "righteousness."
flourish--literally, "sprout," or, "spring forth."
8. The foreign nations mentioned
(Ps 72:9, 10)
could not be included in the limits, if designed to indicate the
boundaries of Solomon's kingdom. The terms, though derived from those
to denote the possessions of Israel, must have a wider sense. Thus,
"ends of the earth" is never used of Palestine, but always of the world
9-11. The extent of the conquests.
They that dwell in the wilderness--the wild, untutored tribes of
bow . . . dust--in profound submission. The remotest and wealthiest
nations shall acknowledge Him (compare
12-14. They are not the conquests of arms, but the influences of
humane and peaceful principles (compare
Isa 9:7; 11:1-9;
Zec 9:9, 10).
15. In his prolonged life he will continue to receive the honorable
gifts of the rich, and the prayers of his people shall be made for him,
and their praises given to him.
16. The spiritual blessings, as often in Scripture, are set forth
by material, the abundance of which is described by a figure, in which
a "handful" (or literally, "a piece," or small portion) of corn in the
most unpropitious locality, shall produce a crop, waving in the wind in
its luxuriant growth, like the forests of Lebanon.
they of the city . . . earth--This clause denotes the rapid and
abundant increase of population--
the city--Jerusalem, the center and seat of the typical kingdom.
flourish--or, glitter as new grass--that is, bloom. This increase
corresponds with the increased productiveness. So, as the gospel
blessings are diffused, there shall arise increasing recipients of
them, out of the Church in which Christ resides as head.
17. His name--or, "glorious perfections."
as long as the sun--(Compare
men shall be blessed--
(Ge 12:3; 18:18).
18, 19. These words close the Psalm in terms consistent with the style
of the context, while
is evidently, from its prosaic style, an addition for the purpose above
explained [see on
20. ended--literally, "finished," or completed; the word never denotes
fulfilment, except in a very late usage, as in