1 Chronicles 22
"Out of the eater comes forth meat." It was upon occasion of the
terrible judgment inflicted on Israel for the sin of David that God
gave intimation of the setting up of another altar, and of the place
where he would have the temple to be built, upon which David was
excited with great vigour to make preparation for that great work,
wherein, though he had long since designed it, it should seem, he had,
of late, grown remiss, till awakened by the alarm of that judgment. The
tokens of God's favour he received after those of his displeasure,
I. Directed him to the place,
1 Chronicles 22:1.
II. Encouraged and quickened him to the work.
1. He set himself to prepare for the building,
1 Chronicles 22:2-5.
2. He instructed Solomon, and gave him a charge concerning this work,
1 Chronicles 22:6-16.
3. He commanded the princes to assist him in it,
1 Chronicles 22:17-19.
There is a great deal of difference between the frame of David's spirit
in the beginning of the former chapter and in the beginning of this.
There, in the pride of his heart, he was numbering the people; here, in
his humility, preparing for the service of God. There corruption was
uppermost (but the well of living water in the soul, though it may be
muddied, will work itself clear again); grace here has recovered the
|Preparations for the Temple.
||B. C. 1017.|
1 Then David said, This is the house of the LORD God, and
this is the altar of the burnt offering for Israel.
2 And David commanded to gather together the strangers that
were in the land of Israel; and he set masons to hew wrought
stones to build the house of God.
3 And David prepared iron in abundance for the nails for the
doors of the gates, and for the joinings; and brass in abundance
4 Also cedar trees in abundance: for the Zidonians and they of
Tyre brought much cedar wood to David.
5 And David said, Solomon my son is young and tender, and the
house that is to be builded for the LORD must be exceeding
magnifical, of fame and of glory throughout all countries: I will
therefore now make preparation for it. So David prepared
abundantly before his death.
I. The place fixed for the building of the temple
(1 Chronicles 22:1):
Then David said, by inspiration of God, and as a declaration of
his mind, This is the house of the Lord God. If a temple must be
built for God, it is fit that it be left to him to choose the ground,
for all the earth is his; and this is the ground he makes choice
of-ground that pertained to a Jebusite, and perhaps there was not a
spot of ground besides, in or about Jerusalem, that did so--a happy
presage of the setting up of the gospel temple among the Gentiles. See
The ground was a threshing-floor; for the church of the living God is
his floor, his threshing, and the corn of his floor,
Christ's fan is in his hand, thoroughly to purge his floor. This is to
be the house because this is the altar. The temple was built for the
sake of the altar. There were altars long before there were
II. Preparation made for that building. David must not build it, but he
would do all he could towards it: He prepared abundantly before his
1 Chronicles 22:5.
This intimates that the consideration of his age and growing
infirmities, which showed him his death approaching, quickened him,
towards his latter end, to be very diligent in making this preparation.
What our hands find to do for God, and our souls, and our generation,
let us do it with all our might before our death, because, after death,
there is no device nor working. Now we are here told,
1. What induced him to make such preparation. Two things he
(1.) That Solomon was young and tender, and not likely to apply with
any great vigour to this business at first; so that, unless he found
the wheels set a-going, he would be in danger of losing a great deal of
time at first, the rather because, being young, he would be tempted to
put it off; whereas, if he found the materials got ready to his hand,
the most difficult part of the work would be over, and this would
excite and encourage him to go about it in the beginnings of his reign.
Note, Those that are aged and experienced should consider those that
are young and tender, and provide them what help they can, that they
may make the work of God as easy to them as possible.
(2.) That the house must be exceedingly magnificent, very stately and
sumptuous, strong and beautiful, every thing about it the best in its
kind, and for a good reason, since it was intended for the honour of
the great God, the Lord of the whole earth, and was to be a type of
Christ, in whom all fulness dwells and in whom are hid all treasures.
Men were then to be taught by sensible methods. The grandeur of the
house would help to affect the worshippers with a holy awe and
reverence of God, and would invite strangers to come to see it, and the
wonder of the world, who thereby would be brought acquainted with the
true God. Therefore it is here designed to be of fame and glory
throughout all countries. David foretold this good effect of its being
Because of thy temple at Jerusalem shall kings bring presents unto
2. What preparation he made. In general, he prepared abundantly, as we
shall find afterwards; cedar and stones, iron and brass, are here
1 Chronicles 22:2-4.
Cedar he had from the Tyrians and the Zidonians. The daughter of
Tyre shall be there with a gift,
He also got workmen together, the strangers that were in the land of
Israel. Some think that he employed them because they were
generally better artists, and more ingenious in manual operations, than
the Israelites; or, rather, because he would not employ the free-born
Israelites in any thing that looked mean and servile. They were
delivered from the bondage of making bricks in Egypt, and must not
return to hew stone. These strangers were proselytes to the Jewish
religion, but, though not enslaved, they were not of equal dignity with
|The Charge to Solomon.
||B. C. 1015.|
6 Then he called for Solomon his son, and charged him to build
a house for the LORD God of Israel.
7 And David said to Solomon, My son, as for me, it was in my
mind to build a house unto the name of the LORD my God:
8 But the word of the LORD came to me, saying, Thou hast shed
blood abundantly, and hast made great wars: thou shalt not build
a house unto my name, because thou hast shed much blood upon the
earth in my sight.
9 Behold, a son shall be born to thee, who shall be a man of
rest; and I will give him rest from all his enemies round about:
for his name shall be Solomon, and I will give peace and
quietness unto Israel in his days.
10 He shall build a house for my name; and he shall be my son,
and I will be his father; and I will establish the throne of
his kingdom over Israel for ever.
11 Now, my son, the LORD be with thee; and prosper thou, and
build the house of the LORD thy God, as he hath said of thee.
12 Only the LORD give thee wisdom and understanding, and give
thee charge concerning Israel, that thou mayest keep the law of
the LORD thy God.
13 Then shalt thou prosper, if thou takest heed to fulfil the
statutes and judgments which the LORD charged Moses with
concerning Israel: be strong, and of good courage; dread not, nor
14 Now, behold, in my trouble I have prepared for the house of
the LORD a hundred thousand talents of gold, and a thousand
thousand talents of silver; and of brass and iron without weight;
for it is in abundance: timber also and stone have I prepared;
and thou mayest add thereto.
15 Moreover there are workmen with thee in abundance, hewers
and workers of stone and timber, and all manner of cunning men
for every manner of work.
16 Of the gold, the silver, and the brass, and the iron, there
is no number. Arise therefore, and be doing, and the LORD be
Though Solomon was young and tender, he was capable of receiving
instructions, which his father accordingly gave him, concerning the
work for which he was designed. When David came to the throne he had
many things to do, for the foundations were all out of course; but
Solomon had only one thing in charge, and that was to build a house
for the Lord God of Israel,
1 Chronicles 22:6.
I. David tells him why he did not do it himself. It was in his mind to
(1 Chronicles 22:7),
but God forbade him, because he had shed much blood,
1 Chronicles 22:8.
Some think this refers to the blood of Uriah, which fastened such a
reproach upon him as rendered him unworthy the honour of building the
temple: but that honour was forbidden him before he had shed that
blood; therefore it must be meant, as it is here explained, of the
blood he shed in his wars (for he had been a man of war from his
youth), which, though shed very justly and honourably in the service of
God and Israel, yet made him unfit to be employed in this service, or
rather less fit than another that had never been called to such bloody
work. God, by assigning this as the reason of laying David aside from
this work, showed how precious human life is to him, and intended a
type of him who should build the gospel temple, not by destroying
men's lives, but by saving them,
II. He gives him the reason why he imposed this task upon him.
1. Because God had designed him for it, nominated him as the man that
should do it: A son shall be born to thee, that shall be called
Solomon, and he shall build a house for my name,
1 Chronicles 22:9,10.
Nothing is more powerful to engage us to any service for God, and
encourage us in it, than to know that hereunto we are appointed.
2. Because he would have leisure and opportunity to do it. He should
be a man of rest, and therefore should not have his time, or thoughts,
or wealth, diverted from this business. He should have rest from his
enemies abroad (none of them should invade or threaten him, or give him
provocation), and he should have peace and quietness at home; and
therefore let him build the house. Note, Where God gives rest he
3. Because God had promised to establish his kingdom. Let this
encourage him to honour God, that God had honour in store for him; let
him build up God's house, and God will build up his throne. Note, God's
gracious promises should quicken and invigorate our religious
III. He delivers him an account of the vast preparations he had made
for this building
(1 Chronicles 22:14),
not in a way of pride and vain glory (he speaks of it as a poor
thing--I have, in my poverty, prepared, margin), but as an
encouragement to Solomon to engage cheerfully in the work, for which so
solid a foundation was laid. The treasure here mentioned of the 100,000
talents of gold, and 1,000,000 talents of silver, amounts to such an
incredible sum that most interpreters either allow an error in the copy
or think the talent here signifies no more than a plate or piece:
ingots we call them. I am inclined to suppose that a certain
number is here put for an uncertain, because it is said
(1 Chronicles 22:16)
that of the gold and silver, as well as of the brass and iron, there
was no number, and that David here includes all the dedicated things
(1 Chronicles 18:11)
which he designed for the house of the Lord, that is, not only
for the building of it, but for the treasure of it; and putting all
together, it might come pretty near what is here spoken of. Hundreds
and thousands are numbers which we often use to express that which is
very much, when yet we would not be understood strictly.
IV. He charges them to keep God's commandments and to take heed to his
duty in every thing,
1 Chronicles 22:13.
He must not think by building the temple to purchase a dispensation to
sin; no, on the contrary, his doing that would not be accepted, nor
accounted of, if he did not take heed to fulfil the statutes which
the Lord charged Moses with,
1 Chronicles 22:13.
Though he was to be king of Israel, he must always remember that he was
a subject to the God of Israel.
V. He encourages him to go about this great work, and to go on in it
(1 Chronicles 22:13):
"Be strong, and of good courage, Though it is a vast
undertaking, thou needest not fear coming under the reproach of the
foolish builder, who began to build and was not able to finish it; it
is God's work, and it shall come to perfection. Dread not, nor be
dismayed." In our spiritual work, as well as in our spiritual
warfare, we have need of courage and resolution.
VI. He quickens him not to rest in the preparations he had made, but to
1 Chronicles 22:14.
Those that enter into the labours of others, and build upon their
advantages, must still be improving.
VII. He prays for him: The Lord give thee wisdom and understanding,
and give thee charge concerning Israel,
1 Chronicles 22:12.
Whatever charge we have, if we see God giving us the charge and calling
us to it, we may hope he will give us wisdom for the discharge of it.
Perhaps Solomon had an eye to this prayer of his father for him, in the
prayer he offered for himself: Lord, give me a wise and
understanding heart. He concludes
(1 Chronicles 22:16),
Up, and be doing, and the Lord be with thee. Hope of God's
presence must not slacken our endeavours. Though the Lord be with us,
we must rise and be doing, and, if we do this, we have reason to
believe he is and will be with us. Work out your salvation, and God
will work in you.
|The Charge to the Princes of Israel.
||B. C. 1015.|
17 David also commanded all the princes of Israel to help
Solomon his son, saying,
18 Is not the LORD your God with you? and hath he not given
you rest on every side? for he hath given the inhabitants of the
land into mine hand; and the land is subdued before the LORD, and
before his people.
19 Now set your heart and your soul to seek the LORD your God;
arise therefore, and build ye the sanctuary of the LORD God, to
bring the ark of the covenant of the LORD, and the holy vessels
of God, into the house that is to be built to the name of the
David here engages the princes of Israel to assist Solomon in the great
work he had to do, and every one to lend him a hand towards the
carrying of it on. Those that are in the throne cannot do the good they
would, unless those about the throne set in with them. David would
therefore have the princes to advise Solomon and quicken him, and make
the work as easy to him as they could, by promoting it every one in his
1. He shows them what obligations they lay under to be zealous in this
matter, in gratitude to God for the great things he had done for them.
He had given them victory, and rest, and a good land for an
1 Chronicles 22:18.
The more God has done for us the more we should study to do for him.
2. He presses that upon them which should make them zealous in it
(1 Chronicles 22:19):
"Set your heart and soul to seek God, place your happiness in
his favour, and keep your eye upon his glory. Seek him as your chief
good and highest end, and this with your heart and soul. Make
religion your choice and business; and then you will grudge no pains
nor cost to promote the building of his sanctuary." Let but the heart
be sincerely engaged for God, and the head and hand, the estate and
interest, and all will be cheerfully employed for him.