1 Chronicles 3
Of all the families of Israel none was so illustrious as the family of
David. That is the family which was mentioned in the foregoing chapter,
1 Chronicles 2:15.
Here we have a full account of it.
I. David's sons,
1 Chronicles 3:1-9.
II. His successors in the throne as long as the kingdom continued,
1 Chronicles 3:10-16.
III. The remains of his family in and after the captivity,
1 Chronicles 3:17-24.
From this family, "as concerning the flesh, Christ came."
|The Family of David.
||B. C. 1055.|
1 Now these were the sons of David, which were born unto him in
Hebron; the firstborn Amnon, of Ahinoam the Jezreelitess; the
second Daniel, of Abigail the Carmelitess:
2 The third, Absalom the son of Maachah the daughter of Talmai
king of Geshur: the fourth, Adonijah the son of Haggith:
3 The fifth, Shephatiah of Abital: the sixth, Ithream by Eglah
4 These six were born unto him in Hebron; and there he
reigned seven years and six months: and in Jerusalem he reigned
thirty and three years.
5 And these were born unto him in Jerusalem; Shimea, and
Shobab, and Nathan, and Solomon, four, of Bath-shua the daughter
6 Ibhar also, and Elishama, and Eliphelet,
7 And Nogah, and Nepheg, and Japhia,
8 And Elishama, and Eliada, and Eliphelet, nine.
9 These were all the sons of David, beside the sons of the
concubines, and Tamar their sister.
We had an account of David's sons,
2 Samuel 3:2-5,5:14-16,
1. He had many sons; and no doubt wrote as he thought,
Happy is the man that hath his quiver full of these arrows.
2. Some of them were a grief to him, as Amnon, Absalom, and Adonijah;
and we do not read of any of them that imitated his piety or devotion
except Solomon, and he came far short of it.
3. One of them, which Bath-sheba bore to him, he called Nathan,
probably in honour of Nathan the prophet, who reproved him for his sin
in that matter and was instrumental to bring him to repentance. It
seems he loved him the better for it as long as he lived. It is wisdom
to esteem those our best friends that deal faithfully with us. From
this son of David our Lord Jesus descended, as appears
4. Here are two Elishamas, and two Eliphelets,
1 Chronicles 3:6,8.
Probably the two former were dead, and therefore David called two more
by their names, which he would not have done if there had been any ill
omen in this practice as some fancy.
5. David had many concubines; but their children are not named, as not
worthy of the honour
(1 Chronicles 3:9),
the rather because the concubines had dealt treacherously with David in
the affair of Absalom.
6. Of all David's sons Solomon was chosen to succeed him, perhaps not
for any personal merits (his wisdom was God's gift), but so, Father,
because it seemed good unto thee.
10 And Solomon's son was Rehoboam, Abia his son, Asa his son,
Jehoshaphat his son,
11 Joram his son, Ahaziah his son, Joash his son,
12 Amaziah his son, Azariah his son, Jotham his son,
13 Ahaz his son, Hezekiah his son, Manasseh his son,
14 Amon his son, Josiah his son.
15 And the sons of Josiah were, the firstborn Johanan, the
second Jehoiakim, the third Zedekiah, the fourth Shallum.
16 And the sons of Jehoiakim: Jeconiah his son, Zedekiah his
17 And the sons of Jeconiah; Assir, Salathiel his son,
18 Malchiram also, and Pedaiah, and Shenazar, Jecamiah,
Hoshama, and Nedabiah.
19 And the sons of Pedaiah were, Zerubbabel, and Shimei: and
the sons of Zerubbabel; Meshullam, and Hananiah, and Shelomith
20 And Hashubah, and Ohel, and Berechiah, and Hasadiah,
21 And the sons of Hananiah; Pelatiah, and Jesaiah: the sons of
Rephaiah, the sons of Arnan, the sons of Obadiah, the sons of
22 And the sons of Shechaniah; Shemaiah: and the sons of
Shemaiah; Hattush, and Igeal, and Bariah, and Neariah, and
23 And the sons of Neariah; Elioenai, and Hezekiah, and
24 And the sons of Elioenai were, Hodaiah, and Eliashib, and
Pelaiah, and Akkub, and Johanan, and Dalaiah, and Anani, seven.
David having nineteen sons, we may suppose them to have raised many
noble families in Israel whom we never hear of in the history. But the
scripture gives us an account only of the descendants of Solomon here,
and of Nathan,
The rest had the honour to be the sons of David; but these only had the
honour to be related to the Messiah. The sons of Nathan were his
fathers as man, the sons of Solomon his predecessors as king. We have
1. The great and celebrated names by which the line of David is drawn
down to the captivity, the kings of Judah in a lineal succession, the
history of whom we have had at large in the two books of Kings and
shall meet with again in the second book of Chronicles. Seldom has a
crown gone in a direct line from father to son for seventeen descents
together, as here. This was the recompence of David's piety. About the
time of the captivity the lineal descent was interrupted, and the crown
went from one brother to another and from a nephew to an uncle, which
was a presage of the eclipsing of the glory of that house.
2. The less famous, and most of them very obscure, names, in which the
house of David subsisted after the captivity. The only famous man of
that house that we meet with at their return from captivity was
Zerubbabel, elsewhere called the son of Salathiel, but appearing
here to be his grandson
(1 Chronicles 3:17-19),
which is usual in scripture. Belshazzar is called Nebuchadnezzar's
son, but was his grandson. Salathiel is said to be the son
of Jeconiah because adopted by him, and because, as some think, he
succeeded him in the dignity to which he was restored by Evil-merodach.
Otherwise Jeconiah was written childless: he was the signet God
plucked from his right hand
and in his room Zerubbabel was placed, and therefore God saith to him
I will make thee as a signet. The posterity of Zerubbabel here
bear not the same names that they do in the genealogies
but those no doubt were taken from the then herald's office, the public
registers which the priests kept of all the families of Judah,
especially that of David. The last person named in this chapter is
Anani, of whom bishop Patrick says that the Targum adds these words,
He is the king Messiah, who is to be revealed, and some of the
Jewish writers give this reason, because it is said
the son of man came gnim gnanani--with the clouds of heaven. The
reason indeed is very foreign and far-fetched; but that learned man
thinks it may be made use of as an evidence that their minds were
always full of the thoughts of the Messiah and that they expected it
would not be very long after the days of Zerubbabel before the set time
of his approach would come.